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International Journal of Turbo & Jet-Engines

Editor-in-Chief: Gal-Or, Benjamin

Ed. by Sherbaum, Valery / Erenburg, Vladimir

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Studies on Downstream Stator with Rotor Re-Staggering and Forward Sweeping in a Subsonic Axial Compressor Stage

P.V. Ramakrishna1 / 1

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036, India.

Citation Information: International Journal of Turbo & Jet-Engines. Volume 31, Issue 1, Pages 59–72, ISSN (Online) 2191-0332, ISSN (Print) 0334-0082, DOI: 10.1515/tjj-2013-0027, August 2013

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The present numerical work studies the flow field in subsonic axial compressor stator passages for: (a) preceding rotor sweep (b) preceding rotor re-staggering (three stagger angle changes: 0°, +3° and +5°); and (c) stator sweeping (two 20° forward sweep schemes). The following are the motives for the study: at the off-design conditions, compressor rotors are re-staggered to alleviate the stage mismatching by adjusting the rows to the operating flow incidence. Fundamental to this is the understanding of the effects of rotor re-staggering on the downstream component. Secondly, sweeping the rotor stages alters the axial distance between the successive rotor-stator stages and necessitates that the stator vanes must also be swept. To the best of the author's knowledge, stator sweeping to suit such scenarios has not been reported.

The computational model for the study utilizes well resolved hexahedral grids. A commercial CFD package ANSYS® CFX 11.0 was used with standard k-w turbulence model for the simulations. CFD results were well validated with experiments. The following observations were made: (1) When the rotor passage is closed by re-staggering, with the same mass flow rate and the same stator passage area, stators were subjected to negative incidences. (2) Effect of stator sweeping on the upstream rotor flow field is insignificant. Comparison of total pressure rise carried by the downstream stators suggests that an appropriate redesign of stator is essential to match with the swept rotors. (3) While sweeping the stator is not recommended, axial sweeping is preferable over true sweeping when it is necessary.

Keywords: sweep; stagger; stator sweep; axial compressor; stall; incidence; flow separations

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