References and notes
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Editorial, Jet-Engine-Steered (JES), lack of updated textbooks to design 6th-generation air and sea combat vehicles, Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, 32(3), Jan 2015. DOI: 10.1515/tjj-2015-1001.
Editorial, FUTURE JET TECHNOLOGIES: JET ENGINES AS PRIME FLIGHT EFFECTORS. THE FIRST KEY DESIGN RULES. Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, Jul 1999, Dec 2000, Jan 2001 and Jan 2003.
Editorial, FUTURE JET TECHNOLOGIES: Air, Land and Marine applications of Jet Engine Steering aka as 3D thrust vectoring flight control or 2D-Water-TVC of super-agile boats or super-agile Littoral Combat Ships, [LCS]. Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, Apr. 2011.
Editorial, FUTURE JET TECHNOLOGIES: JES for advanced Unmanned Combat Air Vehicles, [JES-UCAV.]. Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, Mar 2010.
Editorial, Old-New European debate on thrust vectoring and adverse effects of canards, Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, Jan 1997. Cf. [33, 34].
Editorial, RE-EDUCATING THE JET-ENGINE RESEARCHERS TO STAY RELEVANT, Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, 33(2), July 2016; DOI: 10.1515/tjj-2016-5001.
Editorial, Jet Engine Steering (JES) – The new master of advanced flight control; Civilizing military JES technology maximizes flight safety and allows pilot recovery when AOOF fails to prevent a crash; Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, 35(2):95-99, DOI: 10.1515/tjj-2018-9010. May 2018.
Editorial, CANCELED UCLASS-UCAV- STRIKE-PROGRAMS, down playing 6th-gen-WVR-JES, Design Team induces F-35 run-away costs & performance compromises. Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, Sep 2011. Cf. GAO, .
Editorial, JET ENGINE STEERING TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS, Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, 31(4):277-285, Dec 2014; DOI: 10.1515/tjj-2014-1001.
Editorial, FUTURE JET TECHNOLOGIES: JES-revolution in Air-Sea Propulsion Science and R&D; Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, Jan 2014. DOI: 10.1515/tjj-2014-1000.
Editorial, FUTURE JET TECHNOLOGIES: Fleets of low-cost, stealth, jet-steered drones designed to fly ahead of fighter aircraft and bombers into congested regions. Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, Jan 2013.
Gal-Or, B., “Vectored Propulsion, Supermaneuverability and Robot Aircraft”; Forward by USAF Chief Scientist: “LANDMARK BOOK”; Springer Verlag, N.Y. and Heidelberg, 1989-present, ISBN 0387-97161-0, 3-540-87161-0, TL685.3.G23 1989, 629.I34ʹ353-de20, 89-21797.
Gal-Or, B., Review of debates re jet engine steering aka thrust vectoring and adverse effects of canards; Journal of Thermal Science, China, Mar 1998.
Gal-Or, B., “An Old-New European Debate on Thrust Vectoring and adverse effects of canards”, Polskiej Nauki, PRACE Instytutu Lotnictwa, Poland, 152, pp. 3-8, 1998.
Aviation Week & Space Technology: “Israelis Flight Test Jet-Powered RPV Fitted With Thrust Vectoring Nozzles [JET-ENGINE-STEERED-(JES)], May 18, p. 21, 1987.
Aviation Week & Space Technology: more on first 3-D-Vectored-stealth-RPV-prototype performing post-stall Maneuvers, (Figures 3, 4), May 30, 1987; FLIGHT INT’L, May 30, 1987; JANE’S ALL THE WORLD’S AIRCRAFT, 1987.
Gal-Or, B., “Upgraded, Completely Vectored F-22”, USAF-AFOSR-EOARD, CONTRACT F61708-92-W, UNITED STATES AIR FORCE, Report: February 28, 1993.
Gal-Or, B. with Lijun Qian and E. Kreindler, Minimum-time maneuvers of thrust-vectored aircraft; Journal of Guidance Control and Dynamics, Mar 1998.
Gal-Or, Benjamin, Valery Sherbaum and Lichtsinder Michael, U.S.-PATENT No. 5,782,431, on “Civilizing Military Thrust Vectoring Flight Control”, [saving many lives and preventing much damage by simple, add-on, TV devices], It includes review on first proof-of-concept flight test funded by U.S. FAA during 1994-1995, April, 1998.
Aviation Week & Space Technology: THRUST VECTOR CONTROL EYED FOR TRANSPORT, August 28, 1995.
AEROSPACE AMERICA, “Civilizing Military Technology for safest civil Flight Control”, 1995.
Mishra, R.K., J. Thomas, k. srinivasan, v. nandi,, r. bhatt; investigation of HP turbine blade failure in a military turbofan engine; Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, 2014 Vol. 34 issue 1, 23-32, DOI: 10.1515/tjj-2015-0049.
Gal-Or, B., The Fundamental Concepts of Vectored Propulsion, AIAA J. Propulsion and Power, 6, 747-757, 1990.
Gal-Or, B., Maximizing Post-Stall, Thrust-Vectoring Agility and Control Power, AIAA J. Aircraft, 29, 647-651, 1992.
Gal-Or, B., Thrust Vectoring: Theory, Laboratory, and Flight Tests, AIAA J. Propulsion & Power, 9, 51-58, 1993.
Gal-Or, B. with A. Rasputnis, Valery Sherbaum and Michael Lichtsinder, 1991-1999, various reports, patent, , and publications on JES-full-scale-tests with hot jet engines, [32 at 53, 76, 77, 109-113, 131, 132, 149], on JES–engine inlets calibrations, flight tests, computer simulations.
Gal-Or, B., FUNDAMENTALS OF CATASTROPHIC FAILURE PREVENTION BY THRUST VECTORING. AIAA Journal of Aircraft, May 1995. Cf., A remotely piloted, reduced-scale TVC-Boeing 727 flight tested in May 1995 to demonstrate the potentials for low-weight, add-on JES-kits for catastrophic failure prevention (1996)”; Id. and Ref. 39-41.
Gal-Or, B., Proposed flight testing standards for engine thrust vectoring to maximize kill ratio, post-stall agility and flight safety, Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, Dec 1995. Gal-Or, B., Thrust-Vectoring of Converging-Diverging Nozzles, AIAA J. of Propulsion and Power, 16, 202-206, 2000.
Gal-Or, B., Thrust-Vectoring of Converging-Diverging Nozzles, AIAA J. of Propulsion and Power, 16, 202-206, 2000.
Gal-Or, B. FUNDAMENTALS and SIMILARITY TRANSFORMATIONS OF VECTORED AIRCRAFT, AIAA. Journal of Aircraft, Jan 1994.
Mishra, R.K., S. K. Kumar, S. Chandel; Lean blow-out studies in a swirl stabilized annular gas turbine combustor; Effect of fuel particle size on the stability of swirl stabilized flame in gas turbine combustor, Int’l J. Turbo & Jet Engines, 2015, 32(2):117-141, Dec 2014; DOI: 10.1515/tjj-2014-0028; –0027
Gal-Or, B., MATHEMATICAL PHENOMENOLOGY FOR THRUST VECTORING–INDUCED AGILITY COMPARISONS, Deficiencies vs. compromises regarding basic rules for maximization of jet-deflection rates are formulated. AIAA Journal of Aircraft, Mar 1993.
Gal-Or, B., THRUST VECTORING [JES] – THEORY, LABORATORY, and FLIGHT TESTS, AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, Jan 1993.
Gal-Or, B., “Novel, Post-Stall, Thrust-Vectored F-15 RPVs: Laboratory and Flight Tests” Funded since 1987 by USAF, (1) Canarded v. Canard-less, ROUNDED v. RECTANGULAR JES-EXHAUSTS to 1, 2 or 3 COLD-FAN-JET-ENGINES, 1/7-scaled-JES-F-15 flight-testing in abandoned airfield in ISRAEL, , (2) F-15-AIR-INLET-to-HOT-OPERATING-JET-ENGINE-MARBORE-II-full-scale-PERFORMANCE, [Id.], (3) SUB-SCALED-F-15-INLET-PERFORMANCE DURING POST-STALL HIGH AOA, 188-page-Report-I, 1987-1992 PROJECTS. PART I of 9 REPORTS ORIGINALLY CLASSIFIED.
Gal-Or, B., “Tailless Vectored Fighters: Theory, Laboratory and Flight Tests”, USAF funding, WPAFB, Ohio, USA, AFOSR FY 1456-8905052, 196-page-Report-II, July 15, 1991.
Gal-Or, B., “Tailless Vectored Fighters: Theory, Laboratory and Flight Tests”, USAF funding, 196-page-Report-III, July 15, 1991.
Gal-Or, B., “Vectorable Inlets/Nozzles and Tailless Flying Models vs. Pilot’s Tolerances Affecting Maximum Post-Stall Vectoring Agility”; USAF funding, 238-page-Report-IV.
Gal-Or, B., “Dynamic Scaling, Pilot v. G-Loads under post-stall Maneuvers with vectored fighters”, USAF Funded series of projects in Israel E. g., (i) San Antonio, BAFB, 1990, submitted to USAF Colonel J. Tedor team, Report-V.
Gal-Or, B., “Dynamic Scaling of Prototypes Using Radius of Gyration Method: Theory, Laboratory and Flight Tests”, REPORT #I to USAF Capt. J. Wigle (September 30, 1991), Report-VI; REPORT VII to USAF Dr D. W. Repperger, AL/WPAFB (September 30, 1991), Report-VIII; (iv) Report to USAF Col. J. Tedor, Deputy Director, Human Systems Division, BAFB, TX; USAF Special Project, SPC-91-4003, AF/AFOSR/EOARD, 141-page-Report-IX.
Gal-Or, B., Classified Reports to Lockheed-Martin/General Dynamics, Ft Worth, TX, via Spence E. Peters, Tel. 817-935-1588, Main: 817-777-2000, E-Mail: Spence.e.pters@LMCO.com and Dorsett, longest funded programs by Lockheed Martin/GD up to about 1997.
Gal-Or, B., Classified Reports to PWA, Manager, Component Technology, R. E. (Bob) Davis, 1987-1994.
Gal-Or, B., Classified Reports to General Electric, Don Dunbar, Ed Rogala and GE VP Krebs. 1987-1988.
Gal-Or, B., Agility Benefits of Integrated Aerodynamic & Thrust Vectoring Control, GD/Lockheed-Martin RFP Ref. TECH-RRJ-JK-0001, TIIT-TRDF 160-779, 1993-1995, Progress Report No. 2, February 10, 1995.
Gal-Or, B., Catastrophic Failure Prevention by Thrust Vectoring, invited Lecture & Proposal to NASA Dryden, June 1995.
Gal-Or, B., Civilizing Military Thrust Vectoring Flight Control to Maximize Air Safety, Keynote Lecture; 3rd Int’l Conf. ISIAF, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, September 2, 1996.
Gal-Or, B., Civilizing Military Thrust Vectoring Flight Control to Maximize Air Safety, Opening Keynote Lecture; 2nd Int’l Seminar on Aeronautics & Education, Warsaw, Poland, November 25, 1996.
Gal-Or, B., Civilizing Military Thrust Vectoring Flight Control to Maximize Civil Transport safety, Keynote Lecture, Proceedings, 4th Conf., Int’l ISIAF conf., Dresden, Germany, 1999.
Gal-Or, B., Civilizing Military Thrust Vectoring Flight Control to Maximize Civil Transport Safety, 5th Int´l Symp. Aero Sci., Moscow Russia, Plenary Lecture, Proceeding, TsAGI, 1999.
U.S. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTING OFFICE, GAO, No. 15-374; 16-389R, etc. , vis-à-vis B-21, cf., https://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/the-northrop-grumman-b-21-stealth-bomber-simply-unstoppable-19931?page=0%2C1 UCLASS, F-35.
INDIA-RUSSIA-TREATY-VOIDED? (I), CF. Figure 9 and April 23, 2018 by Franz Stefa Gady at https://thediplomat.com/2018/04/india-pulls-out-of-joint-stealth-fighter-project-with-russia/, April 23, 2018, .
INDIA-RUSSIA-TREATY-VOIDED? (II), CF. “India has reportedly withdrawn from a 11-year joint program to develop a 5th generation fighter jet with Russia”; “the Sukhoi/HAL Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA), also known in India as the Perspective Multi-role Fighter (PMF).”, .
INDIA-RUSSIA-TREATY-VOIDED? (III), CF. “Neither the Indian nor Russian governments have so far publicly confirmed New Delhi’s decision”, [Id.]. “After evaluating the first PAK FA T-50 [Su-57] prototype (the Russian prototype of the PMF), the [IAF] wanted more than 40 changes addressing, among other things, perceived weaknesses in the plane’s engine, stealth, and weapon-carrying capabilities; http://www.pravdareport.com/russia/economics/15-07-2008/105795-unmanned-0/75, https://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/russia-india-had-plans-build-stealth-fighter-those-plans-are-25592
HISTORY NOTE 1: “China’s J-10(B) fighter equipped with our JES “was built with Israeli assistance”; “Using this technology, the F-22 Raptor can angle its thrust up to 24 degrees up or down.” “Now China’s J-10 joins this elite club of super-maneuverable fighter jets.” Russian uses JES since mid 1990’s, [21–31]. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xApU00KdRLY;https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/a24742661/china’s-j-10-thrust-vector-control/?source=nl&utm_source=nl_pop&utm_medium=email&date=100118 and www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/j-10b-tvc-wows-zhuhai-crowds-with-surprise-performa-453352/;
HISTORY NOTE 2: China published author’s Review of JES v. canards-debates by its Journal of Thermal Science, Mar 1998, [25, 33, 34], invites Keynote Lecture to Chinese Academy of Sciences, 3rd Int’l Conf. ISIAF, , repeated to its top designers at CHENGDU. On November 6, 2018, via JES-J-10B CHINA joins the JES-revolution. https://www.janes.com/article/76804/image-suggests-china-may-be-testing-thrust-vectoring-engine-on-j-10-fighter#; https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/aviation/a24680684/all-the-new-tech-from-chinas-big-airshow/
HISTORY NOTE 3: Post PST-1987-1st JES-Flight-tests, [36, 37], Russia joins the JES revolution and a new GLOBAL-JES-RACE is established.
Gal-Or, B., Gold Medal from New York Academy of Sciences for developing New General Relativistic (Einstein’s Gravity Physics) Entropy-Free-School-of-Thermodynamics; was part of 1968-PRESENT, CLASSIFIED RADIATION PHYSICS WORK in Detection of Space-Radiation/Stealth/Stellar/Radar-Radiation-Thermodynamics, [41–68].
STEALTH DEBATE: According to https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/how-russia-could-someday-shootdown-f-22-f-35-or-b-2-stealth-bomber-35512: “While Moscow makes bold claims about the counter-stealth capabilities of their S-400/S-300 (v. western air defense systems), the fact remains that even if Russian low-frequency search and acquisitions radars can detect and track tactical fighter-sized stealth aircraft, such as the F-22 or F-35, fire control radars operating in C, X and Ku bands cannot paint low observable (LO) jets except at very close ranges.”
ARROW-3: “U.S. Missile Defense Director: ARROW-3 is more advanced than what we have ever attempted in the U.S. with our programs. … [with] greater flexibility and other aspects, such as propulsion systems.” https://defense-update.com/products/a/arrow3.html; https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/meet-russias-s-500-can-it-kill-f-22-or-f-35-37072;
Lapin, Yaakov, “Israeli Arrow 3 interceptor test previews upcoming trials in Alaska”.; Jane’s Information Group; drones.html; https://www.lockheedmartin.com/en-us/news/features/2016/webt-laser-swarms- https://www.defenceprocurementinternational.com/features/air/(2018-02-19).
INF TREATY: Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty was signed in Washington, D.C. on December 8, 1987. It eliminated all nuclear and conventional missiles and their launchers with ranges of 500–1,000 kilometers (short-range) and 1,000–5,500 km (intermediate-range). Russia claims it did not include GHST. https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1065145/ww3-vladimir-putin-cuba-soviet-union-bases-cold-war-nuclear-donald-trump-spt/.
U.S. Space Command is established since 12.18. 2018, fxxn.ws/2E9Sawb.
December 29, 2018, South China Morning POST//www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2142887/now-you-see-it-now-you-dont-china-tests-stealth-invisibility/.
Converting old-air-force-planes to be stealthy? ttps://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/fleet-j-20s-china-wants-take-old-air-force-planes-and-make-them-stealthy-40052/.
Stealth-propulsion under water UCAVS, https://www.cnbc.com/2017/08/12/china-uses-underwater-drones-in-south-china-sea.html; https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/navy-ships/a22593766/russia-working-on-new-cephalopod-underwater-attack-drone/.
PRE-6th-gen-Video for beginners on new THAAD, etc. v. S400/S500, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tYeasKRb4zU.
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Published Online: 2019-02-19
Published in Print: 2019-05-27