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The Linguistic Review

Editor-in-Chief: van der Hulst, Harry

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Volume 25, Issue 1-2


Universals in semantics

Kai von Fintel / Lisa Matthewson
Published Online: 2008-05-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/TLIR.2008.004


This article surveys the state of the art in the field of semantic universals. We examine potential semantic universals in three areas: (i) the lexicon, (ii) semantic “glue” (functional morphemes and composition principles), and (iii) pragmatics. At the level of the lexicon, we find remarkably few convincing semantic universals. At the level of functional morphemes and composition principles, we discuss a number of promising constraints, most of which require further empirical testing and/or refinement. In the realm of pragmatics, we predict that Gricean mechanisms are universal, but suggest that the precise nature of presuppositions may be subject to cross-linguistic variation. Finally, we follow E.L. Keenan in concluding that the overarching universal of effability or translatability between languages cannot be upheld in its strongest form. A recurring theme throughout this survey is how much work still remains to be done in the relatively young field of cross-linguistic formal semantics.

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Published Online: 2008-05-13

Published in Print: 2008-04-01

Citation Information: The Linguistic Review, Volume 25, Issue 1-2, Pages 139–201, ISSN (Online) 1613-3676, ISSN (Print) 0167-6318, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/TLIR.2008.004.

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