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The Linguistic Review

Editor-in-Chief: van der Hulst, Harry


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Volume 37, Issue 1

Issues

Exploring Merge: A new form of sideward movement

Yuji Takano
Published Online: 2019-06-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/tlr-2019-2033

Abstract

This paper explores Merge and proposes a new form of sideward movement (double sideward movement) carried out by a new application of External Merge. Double sideward movement occurs in the following way: given a syntactic object S containing XP and YP, Merge applies to XP and YP, and creates {XP, YP} outside S, thus causing XP and YP to undergo sideward movement at the same time. It is argued that multiple clefts (cleft sentences with multiple phrases in the focus position) in Japanese are derived by double sideward movement of the multiple focus phrases and that this derivation is responsible for certain surprising properties of Japanese multiple clefts, some well known and others newly discovered, including the lack of island effects and the presence and absence of clausemate effects. Other consequences are discussed for the nature of operator movement and scrambling as well as for restrictions on the application of Merge.

Keywords: clausemate effects; (double) sideward movement; island effects; Japanese multiple clefts; Merge

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About the article

Published Online: 2019-06-25

Published in Print: 2020-02-25


Citation Information: The Linguistic Review, Volume 37, Issue 1, Pages 7–45, ISSN (Online) 1613-3676, ISSN (Print) 0167-6318, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/tlr-2019-2033.

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