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Translational Neuroscience

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Recent advances in psychoneuroimmunology: Inflammation in psychiatric disorders

Monojit Debnath
  • Laboratory of Psychiatric Genetics, INSERM U955, Mondor Institute of Biomedical Research, Creteil, 94010, France
  • Email:
/ Karen Doyle
  • Clinical Neuroimaging Laboratory& the Depts of Anatomy, Psychiatry, and Physiology, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland
  • Email:
/ Camilla Langan
  • Clinical Neuroimaging Laboratory& the Depts of Anatomy, Psychiatry, and Physiology, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland
  • Email:
/ Colm McDonald
  • Clinical Neuroimaging Laboratory& the Depts of Anatomy, Psychiatry, and Physiology, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland
  • Email:
/ Brian Leonard
  • Division of Cellular Neuroscience, Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, University of Maastricht, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
  • Laboratory of Psychoneuroimmunology, University Psychiatric Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians University, D-80336, Munich, Germany
  • Email:
/ Dara Cannon
  • Clinical Neuroimaging Laboratory& the Depts of Anatomy, Psychiatry, and Physiology, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland
  • Email:
Published Online: 2011-06-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13380-011-0019-0

Abstract

Psychiatric disorders are common and complex and their precise biological underpinnings remain elusive. Multiple epidemiological, molecular, genetic and gene expression studies suggest that immune system dysfunction may contribute to the risk for developing psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder. However, the precise mechanisms by which inflammation-related events confer such risk are unclear. In this review, we examine the peripheral and central evidence for inflammation in psychiatric disorders and the potential molecular mechanisms implicated including inhibition of neurogenesis, apoptosis, the HPA-axis, the role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and the interplay between the glutamatergic, dopaminergic and serotonergic neurotransmitter systems.

Keywords: Inflammation; Cytokines; Etiology; Psychiatric disorders; Neurotransmitter imbalance; Maternal infections; Apoptosis; Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor; Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal Axis; Glutamate; Dopamine; Serotonin; Quinolinic acid; Kynurenic acid

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Published Online: 2011-06-26

Published in Print: 2011-06-01


Citation Information: Translational Neuroscience, ISSN (Online) 2081-6936, ISSN (Print) 2081-3856, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13380-011-0019-0.

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