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Translational Neuroscience

Editor-in-Chief: David, Olivier


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 2.038

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The cellular prion protein in multiple sclerosis: A potential target for neurotherapeutics?

Joseph Antony
Published Online: 2011-12-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13380-011-0042-1

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a debilitating disease that affects millions. There is no known cure for the disease and neither is the cause of the disease known. Recent studies have indicated that it is a multi-factorial disease with several genes involved. Importantly, sunlight and vitamin D have been implicated in the progression of the disease. The pathogenesis of MS chiefly involves loss of oligodendrocytes, which in addition to being killed by inflammatory mediators in the CNS, also succumbs to loss of trophic support from astrocytes. Neurotrophins play an important role in myelination and the cellular prion protein (PrPC) is a key player in this process. Although the physiological roles of PrPC remain to be fully understood, increasing evidence suggests multiple roles for PrPC in regulation of cellular immunity and for its interaction with several neurotrophins that are necessary for homeostasis of the nervous system. This mini-review focuses on the findings establishing a crucial role for PrPC in the neuropathogenesis of MS, emphasizing its neuroprotective role. Since MS is a multi-factorial disease with unknown etiology and no cure, this review aims to highlight endogenous repair mechanisms mediated by PrPC that might contribute to functional recovery in MS patients.

Keywords: Multiple sclerosis; Neuroinflammation; Prions

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About the article

Published Online: 2011-12-28

Published in Print: 2011-12-01


Citation Information: Translational Neuroscience, Volume 2, Issue 4, Pages 351–359, ISSN (Online) 2081-6936, ISSN (Print) 2081-3856, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13380-011-0042-1.

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