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Translational Neuroscience

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fMRI neural activation patterns induced by professional military training

Krešimir Ćosić / Siniša Popović / Ivan Fabek / Bernard Kovač / Milan Radoš / Marko Radoš / Lana Vasung / Miloš Judaš / Ivica Kostović / Goran Šimić
Published Online: 2012-03-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13380-012-0012-2

Abstract

Professional military training makes tough demands on soldiers’ perceptual and motor skills, as well as on their physical fitness and cognitive capabilities in the course of preparation for stressful operational environments. In this pilot study we attempted to identify difference in pattern of neural responses between extensively trained, professional mission-ready soldiers and novice soldiers during audiovisual simulation of mission conditions. We performed fMRI scanning on a few volunteers during presentation of semantically relevant video-clips of real combat from Afghanistan to evaluate influence of military training on mental responses of soldiers. We showed that for professional mission-ready soldiers a week before their deployment to Afghanistan, videoclips with deadly ambush combat induce greater overall brain activation compared to novice soldiers. Missionready soldiers showed greater activation in premotor/prefrontal cortex, posterior parietal cortex, and posterior temporal cortex. These results imply that fMRI technique could be used as challenging step forward in the multidimensional evaluation of military training influence on neural responses and operational capabilities of professional soldiers. This is extremely important not only for potential failure prevention and mere success of the mission, but even more for the survival and the well-being of the servicemen and servicewomen.

Keywords: fMRI; Professional soldier; Novice soldier; Combat operations; Professional military training; Attention network; Intention understanding; Mirror neurons system

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About the article

Published Online: 2012-03-14

Published in Print: 2012-03-01


Citation Information: Translational Neuroscience, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 46–50, ISSN (Online) 2081-6936, ISSN (Print) 2081-3856, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13380-012-0012-2.

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© 2012 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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