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Translational Neuroscience

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Memory consolidation — Mechanisms and opportunities for enhancement

Netasha Shaikh / Elizabeth Coulthard
Published Online: 2013-12-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13380-013-0140-3

Abstract

Memory consolidation is the process by which relevant information is selected and transferred from a short-term, fragile state, into a stable, longer term domain from which it can be recalled. Effective memory underpins our ability to carry out everyday activities. When memory consolidation fails, such as in Alzheimer’s disease, the consequences can be devastating. Understanding the neurobiology of memory will help develop treatments for patients with memory loss. Here we describe the myriad processes involved in memory consolidation, including cholinergic and dopaminergic neurotransmission predominantly in hippocampal networks. We discuss established therapies as well as potential novel strategies for boosting cognition. Future approaches to enhancement of memory consolidation include not only pharmacological and neurosurgical treatments, but also lifestyle interventions — for example, modifications to sleep, exercise and diet.

Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease (AD); Dementia; Sleep; Exercise; Diet; Calorie restriction; Hippocampus; Neurogeneration; Acetylcholine; Dopamine

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-12-20

Published in Print: 2013-12-01


Citation Information: Translational Neuroscience, ISSN (Online) 2081-6936, ISSN (Print) 2081-3856, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13380-013-0140-3.

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[1]
Alice Mason, Simon Farrell, Paul Howard-Jones, and Casimir J.H. Ludwig
Journal of Memory and Language, 2017, Volume 96, Page 62

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