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Translational Neuroscience

Editor-in-Chief: David, Olivier


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 2.038

CiteScore 2018: 1.90

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Investigation of a recombinant SMN protein delivery system to treat spinal muscular atrophy

Ryan Anderton
  • Centre for Neuromuscular and Neurological Disorders, University of Western Australia; Western Australian Neuroscience Research Institute, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
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/ Bruno Meloni
  • Centre for Neuromuscular and Neurological Disorders, University of Western Australia; Western Australian Neuroscience Research Institute, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
  • Department of Neurosurgery, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia
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/ Frank Mastaglia
  • Centre for Neuromuscular and Neurological Disorders, University of Western Australia; Western Australian Neuroscience Research Institute, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
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/ Sherif Boulos
  • Centre for Neuromuscular and Neurological Disorders, University of Western Australia; Western Australian Neuroscience Research Institute, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
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Published Online: 2014-03-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13380-014-0201-2

Abstract

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), the most common genetic cause of infant death, is a neurodegenerative disorder affecting motor neurons. SMA results from a loss in full-length survival of motor neuron (SMN) protein due to deletions/mutations in the SMN1 gene. In this study, we assessed the ability of cell-penetrating peptides (CPP) to deliver recombinant SMN protein to cultured neurons as a prelude for a potential therapeutic to treat SMA. Firstly, we confirmed that E. coli produced recombinant GFP protein fused to TAT (YGRKKRRQRRR; TAT-GFP) transduced rat cortical neurons in a concentration dependent manner. However, due to low yields of recombinant TATSMN protein obtainable from E. coli, we investigated the potential of a modified TAT (TATκ: YARKAARQARA) or R9 (RRRRRRRRR) peptide downstream of the fibronectin (FIB) secretory signal peptide to generate recombinant CPP-fused SMN protein. While U251 cells transduced with an adenoviral vector expressing CMV-FIB-TATκ-SMN secreted recombinant TATκ-SMN protein, we did not detect TATκ-SMN protein transduction of cortical neurons. Further, purified TATκ-SMN was unable to transduce SH-SY5Y cells, nor block apoptosis following LY294002 treatment of these cells. Our findings indicate that TATκ is not a suitable CPP to deliver SMN protein to neurons. Nonetheless, we have developed a novel method to generate full-length recombinant SMN protein using a mammalian expression system, which can be used to explore the application of other CPPs to deliver SMN protein as a treatment for SMA.

Keywords: Spinal muscular atrophy; Recombinant SMN protein; Cell penetrating peptides; TAT; Adenoviral vectors

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-03-28

Published in Print: 2014-03-01


Citation Information: Translational Neuroscience, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 8–16, ISSN (Online) 2081-6936, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13380-014-0201-2.

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© 2014 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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