Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Turyzm

Tourism; The Journal of University of Lodz

2 Issues per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
0867-5856
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Constraints To Attendance At Visitor Attractions: The Case Of Museums, Zoos And Botanic Gardens

Marek Nowacki
Published Online: 2015-11-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/tour-2014-0017

Abstract

The paper has employed a three-factor model of constraints, which differentiates intrapersonal, interpersonal and structural. The study was carried out on a sample of N = 981 adult residents of Poland. The three most common barriers constraining attendance at attractions were identified: availability, high entrance fees and lack of time. The constraints were found to be related to a number of socio-demographic characteristics, such as gender, age, education, size of place of residence and household income per capita. Three market segments limited by similar constraints and showing similar attraction attendance behaviour were identified with their socio-demographic characteristics.

Keywords: visitor attractions; constraints; attendance; segmentation

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Crawford D., Godey G., 1987, Reconceptualizing barriers to family leisure, Leisure Sciences, 9, pp. 119-127.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Crawford D., Jackson E., Godey G., 1991, Leisure constraints, Leisure Sciences 13, 4, pp. 309-320.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Davies A.J., Prentice R.C., 1995, Conceptualising the Latent Visitor to Heritage Attractions, Tourism Management, 16, 7, pp. 491-500.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Davies S., 2005, Still Popular: Museums and their Visitors 1994-2004, Cultural Trends, 14, 1, pp. 67-105.Google Scholar

  • Godbey G., 1985, Nonuse of public leisure services: A model, Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 3, 2, pp. 1-12.Google Scholar

  • Jackson E.L., 2005, Leisure constraints research: overview of a developing theme in leisure studies, [in:] E.L. Jackson (ed.), Constraints to leisure, Venture Publishing, Inc, State Colledge, Pensylvania, s. 3-22.Google Scholar

  • Jackson E.L., Henderson K.A., 1995, Gender-based analysis of leisure constraints, Leisure Sciences, 17, pp. 31-51.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Jackson E.L., Searle M.S., 1985, Recreation Non-Participation and Barriers to Participation: Concepts and Models, Society and Leisure, 8, pp. 693-707.Google Scholar

  • Jun J., Kyle G., O’Leary J., 2008, Constraints to Art Museum Attendance, Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 26, 1, pp. 40-61.Google Scholar

  • Kiełbasiewicz-Drozdowska I., 2001, Zarys rozwoju refleksji teoretycznej nad problematyką rekreacji, [in:] I. Kiełbasiewicz-Drozdowska, W. Siwiński (eds.), Teoria i metodyka rekreacji (zagadnienia podstawowe), AWF w Poznaniu, Poznań, pp. 9-25.Google Scholar

  • Kotler N., Kotler P., 1998, Museum Strategy and Marketing. Designing Missions. Building Audiences. Generating Revenue and Resources, Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco.Google Scholar

  • Kotler N., Kotler P., 2001, Can Museum be All Things to All People? Missions, Goals, and Marketing’s Role, Museum Management and Curatorship, 18, 3, pp. 271-287.Google Scholar

  • Kunicki B.J., 1984, Społeczne bariery rekreacji fizycznej, Wyd. AWF, Warszawa.Google Scholar

  • Lin, Y.N., 2006, Leisure-A function of museums? The Taiwan perspective, Museum Management and Curatorship, 21, 4, pp. 302-316.Google Scholar

  • Mannell R.C., Iwasaki Y., 2005, Advancing quantitative research on social cognitive theories of the constraint-negotiation process, [in:] E.L. Jackson (ed.), Constraints to leisure, Venture Publishing, Inc, State Colledge, Pensylvania, pp. 261-275.Google Scholar

  • McCarville R.E., Smale B.J.A., 1993, Perceived constraints to leisure participation within five activity domains, Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 11, 2, pp. 40-59.Google Scholar

  • McGuire F.A., 1984, A factor analytic study of leisure constraints in advanced adulthood, Leisure Sciences, 6, 3, pp. 313-326.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Nadirova A., Jackson, E.L., 1999, How do people negotiate constraints to their leisure? Results from an empirical study, Proceedings of the Ninth Canadian Congress on Leisure Research, Acadia University, Wolfville, pp. 28-31.Google Scholar

  • Scott D., Munson, W., 1994, Constraints to park usage among persons who are economically disadvantaged, Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 12, 4, pp. 79-96.Google Scholar

  • Searle M.S., Jackson E.L., 1985, Socioeconomic variations in perceived barriers to recreation participation among would-be participants, Leisure Sciences, 7, 2, pp. 227-249.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Shaw S.M., Henderson K.A., 2005, Gender analysis and leisure constraints: An uneasy alliance, [in:] E.L. Jackson (ed.), Constraints to leisure, Venture Publishing, Inc, State Colledge, Pensylvania, pp. 23-34.Google Scholar

  • Tian S., Crompton J., Witt P., 1996, Integrating Constraints and Benefits to Identify Responsive Target Markets for Museum Attractions, Journal of Travel Research, 35, pp. 34-45.Google Scholar

  • Um S., Crompton J.L., 1992, The Roles of Perceived Inhibitors and Facilitators on Pleasure Travel Destination Decisions, Journal of Ravel Research, 30, pp. 18-25.Google Scholar

  • Witt P.A., 1992, The Intersection of Benefits and Constraints, Leisure Constraints Newsletter, 9, pp. 5-6.Google Scholar

  • Witt P.A., Goodale T.L., 1981, The relationships between barriers to leisure enjoyment and family stages, Leisure Sciences, 4, 1, pp. 29-49.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Woodside A.G., Lysonski S., 1989, A General Model of Traveler Destination Choice, Journal of Travel Research, 27, pp. 8-14.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2015-11-27

Published in Print: 2015-01-01


Citation Information: Turyzm, ISSN (Online) 0867-5856, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/tour-2014-0017.

Export Citation

© 2015 Marek Nowacki, published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in