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Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research

The Journal of „Lucian Blaga“ University of Sibiu

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2344-3219
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Analysing Landscape Fragmentation and Classifying Threats for Habitats of Community Interest in the “Iron Gates” Natural Park (Romania)

Mihăiţă-Iulian Niculae
  • University of Bucharest, Centre for Environmental Research and Impact Studies, Nicolae Bălcescu Boulevard 1, Sector 1, CP 010041, Bucharest, Romania
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/ Mihai Răzvan Niţă
  • University of Bucharest, Centre for Environmental Research and Impact Studies, Nicolae Bălcescu Boulevard 1, Sector 1, CP 010041, Bucharest, Romania
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/ Gabriel Vanău
  • University of Bucharest, Centre for Environmental Research and Impact Studies, Nicolae Bălcescu Boulevard 1, Sector 1, CP 010041, Bucharest, Romania
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Published Online: 2016-11-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/trser-2015-0042

Abstract

Our study aims at evaluating the ecological impact of landscape fragmentation, identifying, and classifying the threats affecting habitats of community interest in the “Iron Gates” Natural Park. We used landscape metrics for assessing the fragmentation process, results expressing decreases in the values of three metrics (MPS, ED, SDI) and increases for two metrics (NumP and IJI). We observed an insignificant increase in landscape fragmentation related to a reduced decrease of its landscape diversity for the 1990-2006 timeframe. We classified the main anthropic threats to habitats of community interest in three main categories: diversification and densification of buildings and transportation infrastructures, land use and industrial activities.

Keywords: Landscape fragmentation; landscape metrics; ecological impact; habitats of community interest; “Iron Gates” Natural Park; Romania

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About the article

Published Online: 2016-11-17

Published in Print: 2014-12-01


Citation Information: Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research, ISSN (Online) 2344-3219, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/trser-2015-0042.

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© 2014 Mihăiţă-Iulian Niculae et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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