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Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research

The Journal of „Lucian Blaga“ University of Sibiu

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2344-3219
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Spatial and Temporal Dynamic of Rural and Urban Landscapes Identified in the “Iron Gates” Natural Park

Mihăiţă-Iulian Niculae
  • University of Bucharest, Centre for Environmental Research and Impact Studies, Nicolae Bălcescu Boulevard 1, Sector 1, CP 010041, Bucharest, Romania
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/ Mihai Răzvan Niţă
  • University of Bucharest, Centre for Environmental Research and Impact Studies, Nicolae Bălcescu Boulevard 1, Sector 1, CP 010041, Bucharest, Romania
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/ Gabriel Vanău
  • University of Bucharest, Centre for Environmental Research and Impact Studies, Nicolae Bălcescu Boulevard 1, Sector 1, CP 010041, Bucharest, Romania
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/ Cristiana Ciocanea
  • University of Bucharest, Centre for Environmental Research and Impact Studies, Nicolae Bălcescu Boulevard 1, Sector 1, CP 010041, Bucharest, Romania
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/ Athanasios Gavrilidis
  • University of Bucharest, Centre for Environmental Research and Impact Studies, Nicolae Bălcescu Boulevard 1, Sector 1, CP 010041, Bucharest, Romania
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Published Online: 2016-11-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/trser-2015-0043

Abstract

In the present paper, we identified landscape typologies in the “Iron Gates” Natural Park from Romania and assessed their dynamic starting with 1990 to 2006. We evaluated the dynamic of landscapes based on land use and land covers changes as extracted from the Corine Land Cover databases. We found no major modifications in the distribution of landscapes, only 4.4% of the study area recording changes. Forestry landscapes have the highest ratio of change (on 1.5% from the total surface of the park), with significant decreases also recorded in landscapes of shrub and rare vegetation, as well as mixed agricultural landscapes. Among the active transformation processes, forestation (on 45% of the modified surface) and agricultural activities (20%) recorded the highest distribution.

Keywords: Rural and urban landscape; land use; land cover; landscape change; “Iron Gates” Natural Park; Romania

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About the article

Published Online: 2016-11-17

Published in Print: 2014-12-01


Citation Information: Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research, ISSN (Online) 2344-3219, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/trser-2015-0043.

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© 2014 Mihăiţă-Iulian Niculae et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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