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Transport and Telecommunication Journal

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Methodology of Evaluation of the Impact of Picking Area Location on the Total Costs of Warehouse

Raitis Apsalons
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  • Transport and Telecommunication institute, Transport and Logistics department Riga, Lomonosova, Latvia
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/ Gennady Gromov
Published Online: 2017-11-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ttj-2017-0031


The picking system and the layout of the picking area are the key drivers for the evaluation of a warehouse picking cost. There are five variants for organizing the picking process of orders in a warehouse. The choice of a specific variant depends on the total cost of picking. The picking cost is evaluated within an uninterrupted picking process. It means that no stock out occurs in the time period of the picking process. The storing area and the picking area are created as two separate zones for picking quantities of the customer’s orders; the principle of division of orders is observed strictly. Referring to the locations of stock keeping units (SKU), two approaches of the layout of SKU in the picking area can be estimated. The first one is the single picking location for each single SKU, where replenishment is realized in the picking process. The second one - various picking locations for each single SKU, and the replenishment here is realized just only prior to a picking process or after it. The main benefits of the economy of the picking cost as far as these two approaches are concerned are the shortest picking route in the first case and one common replenishment option in the second case.

Keywords: Picking process; picking area; layout; picking cost; replenishment of SKU


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About the article

Published Online: 2017-11-22

Published in Print: 2017-12-20

Citation Information: Transport and Telecommunication Journal, Volume 18, Issue 4, Pages 332–344, ISSN (Online) 1407-6179, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ttj-2017-0031.

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© Transport and Telecommunication Institute. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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