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Antioxidant Capacity, Anthocyanin Content Profile in ‘Bluecrop’ Blueberry Fruit

Tomasz Krupa
  • Department of Pomology, Warsaw Agricultural University, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
/ Kazimierz Tomala
  • Department of Pomology, Warsaw Agricultural University, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
Published Online: 2007-09-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10032-007-0015-7

Antioxidant Capacity, Anthocyanin Content Profile in ‘Bluecrop’ Blueberry Fruit

Mature ‘Bluecrop’ berries, with no visible damage on the fruit surface, were picked by hand and placed in a common cold storage (as control) and under CA conditions consisting of 8 different CO2:O2 ratios (12:1.5, 12:3, 12:6, 12:12 and 18:1.5, 18:3, 18:6, 18:12) at 0°C. HPLC was used to separate and determine individual anthocyanin compounds in blueberry fruit. ‘Bluecrop’ blueberries contained 14 anthocyanins: glycosides of delphinidin, cyanidin, peonidin, petunidin and malvidin all with sugar bound at the 3-position. Generally, the content of anthocyanin compounds in fruit was the highest after 2 or 4-week storage. Total anthocyanin content was significantly higher in berries stored under CA condition, especially under low oxygen concentration, as compared with those placed in common cold storage, and CO2 concentration does not have any effect. Antioxidant activity strongly correlated with total anthocyanin content, delphinidin-3-glucoside, delphinidin-3-galactoside, delphinidin-3-arabinoside, petunidin-3-glucoside, petunidin-3-galactoside and with firmness, but slightly correlated with soluble solids and titratable acidity.

Pojemność Przeciwutleniająca I Zawartość Antocyjanów W Owocach Borówki Wysokiej Odmiany Bluecrop

Jagody odmiany ‘Bluecrop’ przechowywano w 8 kombinacjach KA (12:1,5; 12:3; 12:6; 12:12 i 18:1,5; 18:3; 18:6; 18:12) oraz w chłodni zwykłej przez okres 8 tygodni w temperaturze 0°C. Jakość owoców, zawartość antocyjanów, rozdział barwników przy użyciu techniki HPLC i aktywność przeciwutleniającą oceniano w odstępach 14-dniowych. Po 2-4 tygodniach przechowywania zawartość antocyjanów osiągnęła najwyższe wartości, przy czym istotnie wyższą wartością tego wskaźnika charakteryzowały się owoce z kontrolowanej atmosfery niż z chłodni zwykłej. Aktywność przeciwutleniająca wykazywała dodatnią korelację z zawartością antocyjanów, a zwłaszcza z zawartością delfinidyno-3-glukozydu, delfinidyno-3-glukozydu, delfinidyno-3-glukozydu, petunidyno-3-glukozydu, petunidyno-3-glukozydu, oraz z jędrnością jagód.

Keywords: Anthocyanin; controlled atmosphere; HPLC; antioxidant capacity; DPPH

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About the article

Published Online: 2007-09-07

Published in Print: 2007-01-01

Citation Information: Vegetable Crops Research Bulletin, ISSN (Online) 1898-7761, ISSN (Print) 1506-9427, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10032-007-0015-7. Export Citation

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