Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte

Ed. by Altrichter, Helmut / Möller, Horst / Szöllösi-Janze, Margit / Wirsching, Andreas


CiteScore 2017: 0.14

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.104
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.940

Online
ISSN
2196-7121
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 60, Issue 1

Issues

Enzyklopädisten und Lexika im Dienst der Diktatur?

Die Verlage F.A. Brockhaus und Bibliographisches Institut („Meyer") in der NS-Zeit

Thomas Keiderling
  • 1Universität Leipzig, Institut für Kommunikations- und Medienwissenschaf, Leipzig, Deutschland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-01-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/vfzg.2012.0003

Vorspann

Sie sind Teil jeder Hochkultur: Enzyklopädien, Lexika, Nachschlagewerke oder nun auch eine Internetenzyklopädie wie Wikipedia. Aber wie „objektiv“ sind eigentlich diese Kompendien unseres Wissens? Wie weit haben etwa die Ideologien und die politischen Verwerfungen des 20. Jahrhunderts dort ihre Spuren hinterlassen? Thomas Keiderling untersucht dies an einem besonders prononcierten Fall und stellt dabei die Frage, wie weit eine so hochentwickelte Lexikon-Kultur wie die deutsche durch die Herrschaft des Nationalsozialismus beeinflusst und beschädigt wurde.

Abstract

Encyclopaedias reflect a society′s self-image during the time of their creation. During the National Socialist era this particular genre was censored before publication by the Parteiamtliche Prüfungskommission zum Schutze des NS-Schrifttums ("The Party´s Official Examining Board for the Protection of Nazi Literature") on account of its political content and far-reaching media impact. This article demonstrates which strategic arguments the entrepreneurs of the Leipzig publishing companies F. A. Brockhaus and Bibliographisches Institut ("Meyer") employed in their negotiations regarding this matter with the responsible Nazi authorities. They certainly did not engage in "resistance", but always used objective and content-based lexicographic arguments relating to encyclopaedia production. The management of Brockhaus succeeded in gaining the approval of Nazi censorship to publish a relatively liberal encyclopaedia during the Third Reich. Additionally it was able to prevent looming Aryanisation due to its contacts with influential Nazi institutions. During the post-war period and in the Federal Republic of Germany, the public image of both encyclopaedia publishing companies changed completely. The Brockhaus concern in Wiesbaden continued its encyclopaedia work almost seamlessly – also when it came to the composition of its staff – and now published generally more conservative encyclopaedias. The management of the Bibliographische Institut in Mannheim, on the other hand, drew on its experiences with Nazism to arrive at far-reaching consequences. It was not before the 1970s that a liberal encyclopaedia – edited by a young editorial board – would appear, which would set new standards for the genre.

Keywords: Brockhaus im Dritten Reich; Bibliographisches Institut im Dritten Reich; Lexikalenkung im Nationalsozialismus

About the article

Published Online: 2012-01-13

Published in Print: 2012-01-15


Citation Information: Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte, Volume 60, Issue 1, Pages 69–92, ISSN (Online) 2196-7121, ISSN (Print) 0042-5702, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/vfzg.2012.0003.

Export Citation

© by Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, Leipzig, Germany.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in