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Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte

Ed. by Altrichter, Helmut / Möller, Horst / Szöllösi-Janze, Margit / Wirsching, Andreas

CiteScore 2018: 0.25

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.278
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.049

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Volume 60, Issue 3


Das Olympia-Attentat 1972

Politische Lernprozesse im Umgang mit dem transnationalen Terrorismus

Eva Oberloskamp
Published Online: 2012-07-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/vfzg.2012.0018


Der Schock des Olympia-Attentats von 1972 saß tief. Aber hatte er auch politische Konsequenzen? Eva Oberloskamp, Historikerin am Institut für Zeitgeschichte München-Berlin, geht dieser in der Forschung umstrittenen Frage äußerst umsichtig auf den Grund. Das Ergebnis ihrer aspektreichen Analyse ist klar: Das Innenministerium, das Justizministerium und das Auswärtige Amt blieben nicht untätig. Ihre Maßnahmen waren wegweisend für die internationale Kooperation auf dem Gebiet der Inneren Sicherheit.


The attack on the Israeli men‘s team during the 1972 Munich Olympics caught the Federal Republic of Germany completely unprepared; improvised crisis management measures did not prevent the catastrophic outcome of the hostage taking, which resulted in 17 casualties and many wounded. In her article, Eva Oberloskamp pursues the question to what extent the shock of the Munich Massacre launched learning processes in the Federal Republic. She shows that short-term political reactions partially reverted to previous experiences and patterns of behaviour – for instance a more restrictive policy towards foreigners and the readiness to release the attackers. In the long term, however, the Munich Massacre initiated a search for new possibilities to avert terrorist threats. An important consequence was the foundation of special police units such as the GSG9 and the SEKs. Additionally the attack was an essential cause for increasing West German endeavours towards international cooperation regarding the fight against terrorism.

Keywords: Olympia-Attentat 1972; Terrorismus; Palästinensische Befreiungsorganisation

About the article

Published Online: 2012-07-19

Published in Print: 2012-07-15

Citation Information: Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte, Volume 60, Issue 3, Pages 321–352, ISSN (Online) 2196-7121, ISSN (Print) 0042-5702, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/vfzg.2012.0018.

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© by Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, München, Germany. This content is open access.

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