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Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte

Ed. by Altrichter, Helmut / Möller, Horst / Szöllösi-Janze, Margit / Wirsching, Andreas


CiteScore 2017: 0.14

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.104
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.940

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2196-7121
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Volume 62, Issue 4

Issues

Die Grünen und Gorbatschow

Metamorphosen einer komplexen Beziehung 1985 bis 1990

Hermann Wentker
Published Online: 2014-10-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/vfzg-2014-0024

Vorspann

Ende der 1980er Jahre erreichte die „Gorbimanie“ in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland ihren Höhepunkt. Der Generalsekretär des Zentralkomitees der Kommunistischen Partei der Sowjetunion galt als Hoffnungsträger für ein Ende des Kalten Kriegs und eine Überwindung der Teilung Europas. Hermann Wentker zeigt auf, warum gerade die Grünen Michail Gorbatschow zurückhaltender begegneten als andere politische Kräfte in der alten Bundesrepublik, er erklärt, weshalb sie in ihrer Einschätzung zwischen Zustimmung und Kritik schwankten, und er fragt danach, welche Rolle die Auseinandersetzungen zwischen den „Realos“ und den „Fundis“ unter den Grünen dabei spielten.

Abstract

In their appraisal of Gorbachev and his policies, the Greens were shaped by a worldview which denied the existence of any serious willingness to disarm among the American leadership while simultaneously not allowing for an overall damnation of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev’s disarmament initiatives fitted into this worldview and were thus welcomed. Due to their hostility to modern industrial society and the market economy, the Green assessment of Soviet domestic policy under Gorbachev was dominated by scepticism with respect to his efforts at increasing economic efficiency and intensifying cooperation with the West. Additionally the Greens saw themselves and the Peace Movement as allies of Gorbachev, even though they did not notice that their importance for him lessened as of 1987. At the same time, only few Greens maintained grass-roots contacts in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. These Greens widely appreciated the grievances of the dissidents and the respective societies and understood that they were striving for the fulfilment of their consumption needs and even more for a democratic state under the rule of law. Other Greens, who, if at all, only dealt with the Eastern Block theoretically, wanted to continue discussion about a “Third Way” with the increasingly eroding Soviet regime even in 1989. All Greens were however surprised by the revolutionary developments in 1989/90, as they had underestimated the resilience of the nation state.

Keywords: Richtungskämpfe bei den Grünen; Nukleare Abrüstung

About the article

Published Online: 2014-10-21

Published in Print: 2014-10-15


Citation Information: Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte, Volume 62, Issue 4, Pages 481–514, ISSN (Online) 2196-7121, ISSN (Print) 0042-5702, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/vfzg-2014-0024.

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© 2014 Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag GmbH, Rosenheimer Str. 145, 81671 München.Get Permission

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