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Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte

Ed. by Altrichter, Helmut / Möller, Horst / Szöllösi-Janze, Margit / Wirsching, Andreas


CiteScore 2017: 0.14

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.104
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.940

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2196-7121
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Volume 64, Issue 1

Issues

„Volk und Rasse“

Hitlers Quellen auf der Spur

Roman Töppel
Published Online: 2016-01-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/vfzg-2016-0001

Vorspann

Er ist wieder da - aber woher kam Hitler und aus welchen Quellen schöpfte er bei der Niederschrift von „Mein Kampf“. Roman Töppel, einer der Herausgeber der gerade vorgelegten Edition, geht dieser Frage mit Blick auf das ideologische Kernkapitel „Volk und Rasse“ nach, in dem Hitler die Figur „des Juden“ als Feindbild und Antityp des „rassereinen Ariers“ aufbaute. Seine intellektuellen Stichwortgeber waren dabei, so Töppel nach beeindruckend umsichtiger Recherche, vor allem Houston Stewart Chamberlain, Heinrich Claß, Theodor Fritsch, Dietrich Eckart, Hans F.K. Günther und Alfred Rosenberg, wobei Hitler aber selbst bei seinen bevorzugten Gewährsleuten alles ignorierte, was nicht in sein bereits relativ gefestigtes Weltbild passte.

Abstract

The chapter Volk und Rasse [People and Race] is considered the central ideological chapter of Hitler’s book Mein Kampf. In this chapter, Hitler develops the figure of “the Jew” as a homogenous enemy and antitype to the “racially pure” creator of culture, the “Aryan”. The present essay deals with the question of Hitler’s sources for his chapter Volk und Rasse. This question is not easy to answer, for Hitler, who always wanted to appear original, rarely named the authors who inspired him. Furthermore, he mostly used bits and pieces from books and essays which he had read and ignored everything else that did not fit into his pre-made concept of the world. However, it has become possible to uncover some of his sources by using the letters of his private secretary Rudolf Heß, the remains of Hitler’s private library, and finally through comparing Volk und Rasse with other books and articles in periodicals that were advertised in the Völkisch scene of the early 1920s. As a result, stronger influence on Hitler’s writing emerge from Houston Stewart Chamberlain, Heinrich Claß, and Theodor Fritsch as well as from Dietrich Eckart, Hans F. K. Günther, and Alfred Rosenberg. Namely the early influence of Rosenberg on Hitler’s race ideology remains underestimated, while the influence of other authors who are often named as sources for Hitler’s ideas - such as Joseph Adolf Lanz, Karl May, and Karl Haushofer - has been greatly overestimated.

Keywords: Hitler; Mein Kampf; Geistige Wegbereiter Hitlers

About the article

Published Online: 2016-01-15

Published in Print: 2016-01-15


Citation Information: Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte, Volume 64, Issue 1, Pages 1–36, ISSN (Online) 2196-7121, ISSN (Print) 0042-5702, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/vfzg-2016-0001.

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© 2016 Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag GmbH, Rosenheimer Str. 145, 81671 München.Get Permission

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