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Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte

Ed. by Altrichter, Helmut / Möller, Horst / Szöllösi-Janze, Margit / Wirsching, Andreas


CiteScore 2017: 0.14

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.104
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.940

Online
ISSN
2196-7121
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Volume 67, Issue 1

Issues

Beutekunst und Kunstraub

Sowjetische Restitutionspraxis in der SBZ

Frank Grelka
Published Online: 2019-01-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/vfzg-2019-0003

Vorspann

Zu den ungelösten Folgeproblemen des deutsch-sowjetischen Kriegs gehört der schwierige Komplex von Beutekunst und Kunstrestitution. Trotz langjähriger Verhandlungen konnten beide Seiten hier zu keiner Übereinkunft finden. Frank Grelka untersucht im vorliegenden Aufsatz Konzepte, Ansprüche und die Durch-führung der sowjetischen Kunstrequisition in Deutschland nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg und kann zeigen, dass diese über das Prinzip der restitution in kind deutlich hinausgingen.

Abstract

Nazi Germany’s war against the Soviet Union inflicted devastating damage and also included the extensive robbery of works of art. Against this background, USSR demands for restitution and compensation after the defeat of Hitler’s regime were certainly justified. In fact though the practice of relocating art to the Soviet Union went far beyond the principle of restitution in kind. On the basis of new sources from Russian state archives, East European historian Frank Grelka can show that this was no accident, but instead fitted with the plans of the respective staffs in Moscow which had received Stalin’s blessing. He discusses political motives, ideological legitimation patterns and addresses the role of German experts in this process. In doing so, he questions the interpretation of this process as a “relocation of art from the Soviet Zone of Occupation as a form of compensation for Nazi art robbery” as formulated in a law passed by the Russian Duma in 1998, which declared the respective cultural goods to be the property of the Russian state.

Keywords: World War II; Stolen Art; SMAD; Soviet Military Administration in Germany; Stalinism; War reparations; Art collections

About the article

Published Online: 2019-01-03

Published in Print: 2019-01-01


Citation Information: Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte, Volume 67, Issue 1, Pages 73–104, ISSN (Online) 2196-7121, ISSN (Print) 0042-5702, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/vfzg-2019-0003.

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