Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Vestnik Zoologii

The Journal of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Schmalhauzen Institute of Zoology

6 Issues per year

Cite Score 2016: 0.35

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.300
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.496

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 45, Issue 6


Influence of Human Disturbance on the Abundance of Himalayan Pheasant (Aves, Galliformes) in the Temperate Forest of Western Himalaya, India

V. Jolli
  • Centre for Inter-disciplinary Studies of Mountain & Hill Environment Academic Research Building, University of Delhi, Patel Road, Delhi, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ M. Pandit
  • Centre for Inter-disciplinary Studies of Mountain & Hill Environment Academic Research Building, University of Delhi, Patel Road, Delhi, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-01-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10058-011-0035-0

Influence of Human Disturbance on the Abundance of Himalayan Pheasant (Aves, Galliformes) in the Temperate Forest of Western Himalaya, India

We conducted field studies in the Jiwa valley (Indian Himalayas) to examine the influence of human disturbance on Himalayan pheasants. We used the "call count" and "line transect" methods to estimate the abundance of pheasants in Jiwa valley. A human disturbance gradient defined by human population, agriculture activity, forest wood collection, grazing, vehicle, use of heavy machines, human settlements, dumping ground, and blasting was prepared. We assessed the pheasant numbers under two conditions (1) a decline in the gradient of human activity during two consecutive years (2009-2010) (2) in the presence of hydroelectric development activities. The numbers of koklass pheasants, Himalayan monal, cheer pheasant and Western tragopan declined significantly with anthropogenic activities. During spring 2010, hydroelectric construction activity was temporarily suspended in Manjhan adit, and a positive response was noted in terms of an increase in the pheasant numbers near the site. The response of pheasants to human disturbance has inferred that large scale development can lead to decline of Himalayan pheasant in Himalayan region.

Влияние фактора беспокойства на численность гималайских фазанов (Aves, GaDiformes) в умерен-ном лесу Западных Гималаев, Индия

Проведены полевые исследо вания в долине Джива (Индийские Гималаи) для оценки влияния фактора беспокойства на гима лайских фазанов. Для оценки численности фазанов в долине Джива использовали метод учета по голосам и трансектный метод. Градиент фактора беспокойства определен по оценке количе- ства населения, сельскохозяйственной деятельности, вырубке лесов, выпасу, транспорту, исполь- зованию тяжелых машин, человеческим поселениям, использованию земли под свалки и направ-ленным взрывам. Мы оценивали количество фазанов условно по (1) снижению градиента фак-тора беспокойства в течение двух последовательных лет (2009- 2010) и (2) деятельности по развитию гидроэлектростанций. Количество клинохвостого фазана, гималайского монала, гима- лайского фазана и восточного трагопана значительно уменьшилось с антропогенной деятельностью. В течение 2010 года, деятельность по созданию гидроэлектростанций была временно приоста- новлена в Манджан адит, и было отмечено увеличение численности фазанов в этом районе. Ответна фактор беспокойства означает, что широкомасштабное развитие региона может привести к снижению численности Гималайских фазанов в районе Гималаев.

Keywords: call count; encounter rate; himalayan pheasant; human disturbance; Western Himalaya

Keywords: учет по голосам; коэффициент случайности; гималайский фазан; фактор беспокойства; Западные Гималаи

  • Ali S., Ripley S. D. Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan. — New Delhi : Oxford University Press, 1983. — Vol. 1-10.Google Scholar

  • Anonymous. Threatened birds of Asia. — Cambridge : Birdlife International, 2001.Google Scholar

  • Bhattacharya T., Sathyakumar S., Rawat G. Distribution and abundance of Galliformes in response to anthropogenic pressures in the buffer zone of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve // International J. Galliformes Conservation. — 2009. — 1. — P. 78-84.Google Scholar

  • Central Electricity Authority (CEA) (2009) Status of 50,000 MW hydroelectric initiative, 31 August 2009. — http://www.cea.nic.in

  • CISMHE. Environment impact assessment studies of Parvati Stage-II hydro-electric project, Himachal Pradesh. — New Delhi : University of Delhi, 2000.Google Scholar

  • Duke G. Using call count surveys to obtain comparative population figures for western tragopan in NWFP Pakistan // Pheasants in Asia 1989 / Eds D. A. Hill, P. J. Garson, D. Jenkins. — Reading : World Pheasant Association, 1990. — P. 116-123.Google Scholar

  • Fuller R. A., Garson P. J. Pheasants: status survey and conservation action plan 2000-2004. — Cambridge : IUCN Publications Services Unit, 2000.Google Scholar

  • FREEP-GHNP. An ecological study of the conservation of biodiversity and biotic pressure in Great Himalayan National Park: An eco-development approach. Project proposal to World Bank / GEF, 1995.Google Scholar

  • Gaston A. J., Garson P. J., Hunter M. L. The status and conservation of forest wildlife in Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalayas // Biological Conservation. — 1983. — 27. — P. 291-314.Google Scholar

  • Gaston A. J. Census techniques for Himalayan Pheasants, including notes on individual species // Journal of the World Pheasant Association. — 1980. — 5. — P. 40-53.Google Scholar

  • Gaston A. J., Garson P. J., Hunter M. L. Present distribution and status of pheasants in Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalayas // J. World Pheasant Association. — 1981. — 6. — P. 10-30.Google Scholar

  • Hammer III., Harper D. A. T., Ryan P. D. PAST: Paleontological statistical software package for education and data analysis // Paleontological Electronica. — 2001. — 4, 1. — P. 9.Google Scholar

  • Kaul R. Ecology of the Cheer pheasant Catreus wallichii in Kumaon Himalaya : Ph. D. thesis. — Srinagar : University of Kashmir, 1989. — Unpublished.Google Scholar

  • Khaling S., Kaul R., Saha G. K. Calling behavior and its significance in Satyr tragopan, Tragopan satyra (Galliformes: Phasianidae) in the Singhalila National Park, Darjeeling // Proceedings of the Zoological Society. — Calcutta, 2002. — 55. — P. 1-9.Google Scholar

  • Kazmierczak K. A Field Guide To The Birds Of India. — India : OM publication, 2009.Google Scholar

  • McGowan P. J. K. Calling as a means to survey the Malaysian Peacock Pheasant: a preliminary assessment / Eds D. A. Hill, P. J. Garson, D. Jenkins // Pheasants in Asia 1989. — Reading : World Pheasant Association, 1990. — P. 110-115.Google Scholar

  • Miller J. R. B., Ramesh K., Rawat G. S. Pheasant population recovery as an indicator of biodiversity conservation in the Great Himalayan National Park, India. — Dehradun : The Wildlife Institute of India, 2008.Google Scholar

  • Nawaz R., Garson P., Malik M. Monitoring pheasant populations in montane forests: some lessons learnt from the Pakistan Galliformes Project, 1999. — ( http://www.fpak.org/palasvalley/reports/paper1.pdf

  • Ramesh K. An ecological study on pheasants of The Great Himalayan National Park, Western Himalaya. — Dehradun : Wildlife Institute of India, 2003.Google Scholar

  • Ryals B., Dooling R., Westbrook E., Dent M., Mackenzie A., Larsen O. Avian species differences in susceptibility to noise exposure // Hearing Research. — 1999. — 131. — P. 71-88.Google Scholar

  • Sathyakumar S., Kaul R. Pheasants // Galliformes of India, ENVIS / Eds S. Sathyakumar, K. Sivakumar. — 2007. — 10, 1. — P. 33-51.Google Scholar

  • Schoener T. W. Size of feeding territories among birds // Ecology. — 1968. — 49. — P. 123-141.Google Scholar

  • Severinghaus S. R. Observations on the ecology and behaviour of the Koklass pheasant in Pakistan // Journal of the World Pheasant Association. — 1979. — 4. — P. 52- 71.Google Scholar

  • Soh M. C. K., Sodhi, N. S., Lim S. L. H. High sensitivity of montane bird communities to habitat disturbance in Peninsular Malaysia // Conservation Biology. — 2006. — 129. — P. 149-166.Google Scholar

  • UNESCO. Great Himalayan National Park / World Heritage. — 2009.- http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/5445

  • White P. S., Pickett S. T. A. Natural disturbance and patch dynamics: an introduction // The ecology of natural disturbance and patch dynamics accessed / Eds P. S. White, S. T. A. Pickett. — New York : Academic Press, 1985. — P. 3-13.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2012-01-04

Published in Print: 2011-01-01

Citation Information: Vestnik Zoologii, Volume 45, Issue 6, Pages e-40–e-47, ISSN (Online) 2073-2333, ISSN (Print) 0084-5604, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10058-011-0035-0.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in