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Vestnik Zoologii

The Journal of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Schmalhauzen Institute of Zoology

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Volume 48, Issue 5 (Oct 2014)

Issues

Rare Late Miocene Seal Taxa (Carnivora, Phocidae) from the North Sea Basin

I. Koretsky
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  • Laboratory of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Anatomy, Howard University, 520 W Street NW, Washington DC 20059, USA
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/ S. Rahmat
  • Laboratory of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Anatomy, Howard University, 520 W Street NW, Washington DC 20059, USA
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/ N. Peters
Published Online: 2014-11-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/vzoo-2014-0050

Abstract

Rare Late Miocene Seal Taxa (Carnivora, Phocidae) from the North Sea Basin. Koretsky, I., Rahmat, S., Peters, N. - Th e discovery of new late Miocene fossil true seals from the North Sea Basin in Northern Europe provides important information regarding the radiation of monachines and phocines in the Eastern Atlantic. Examination of the first fossil seal remains from the Gram Formation, western Denmark, allowed redescriptions and emended diagnoses of several taxa. Analysis of diagnostic material recovered from western Denmark and Th e Netherlands shows the presence of at least three phocid genera and reveals new information on the taxonomic variability of true seals. Due to the close relationships that exist between these phocid faunas, a correlation was demonstrated between different localities of Northern and Western Europe and provides the opportunity to associate localities of the Western and Central Paratethys with the eastern and western shores of the North Atlantic. Morphological analyses of postcranial material identifi ed three new late Miocene species (Pontophoca jutlandica, Subfamily Monachinae; Gryphoca nordica and Platyphoca danica, both Subfamily Phocinae), suggesting that the maximum evolutionary diversity of mid-Tertiary phocids occurred first in the Paratethys and later in the North Atlantic Basins.

Редкие позднемиоценовые таксоны тюленя (Carnivora, Phocidae) из бассейна Северного моря. Корецкая И., Рахмат С., Петерс Н. - Открытие новых позднемиоценовых ископаемых настоя- щих тюленей в бассейне Северного моря в Северной Европе даёт важные сведения о распростра- нении представителей подсемейств Monachinae и Phocinae в Восточной Атлантике. Исследование первых остатков ископаемых тюленей из грамской свиты в западной Дании позволило переопи- сать несколько таксонов и уточнить их диагнозы. Анализ диагностического материала из западной Дании и Нидерландов показывает наличие как минимум трёх родов и предоставляет новые дан- ные о таксономической изменчивости настоящих тюленей. Благодаря близким взаимоотношени- ям этих фаун показана корреляция между различными местонахождениями Северной и Западной Европы, что даёт возможность ассоциировать местонахождения Западного и Центрального Пара- тетиса с восточными и западными побережьями Северной Атлантики. При помощи морфологи- ческого анализа посткраниального материала обнаружены три новых вида из позднего миоцена (Pontophoca jutlandica, подсемейство Monachinae; Gryphoca nordica и Platyphoca danica, оба из под- семейства Phocinae), что указывает на то, что максимальное эволюционное разнообразие средне- третичных тюленей впервые развилось в Паратетисе и лишь позднее - в Северо-Атлантическом бассейне.

Keywords: seals; Miocene; Phocidae; Paratethys; Denmark; Belgium; The Netherlands.

Ключевыеслова: тюлени; миоцен; Phocidae; Паратетис; Дания; Бельгия; Нидерланды.

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About the article

Received: 2014-02-13

Accepted: 2014-09-24

Published Online: 2014-11-20

Published in Print: 2014-10-01


Citation Information: Vestnik Zoologii, ISSN (Online) 2073-2333, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/vzoo-2014-0050.

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