Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie

The German Journal of Law and Society

Ed. by Bora, Alfons / Cottier, Michelle / Fuchs, Walter / Guibentif, Pierre / Höland, Armin / Lucke, Doris Mathilde / Ludwig-Mayerhofer, Wolfgang / Machura, Stefan / Schweitzer, Doris

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 23, Issue 1


Hybrid Institutions and the Law: Outlaw Arrangements or Interface Solutions?

Henry Farrell
Published Online: 2016-05-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zfrs-2002-0103


Much discussion of law and e-commerce focuses on the extent to which e-commerce and the Internet weaken sovereign states' effective control. Recently, in e-commerce, there has been a trend towards “hybrid institutions” which blend public oversight and private enforcement in the international arena. Do these institutions reflect the weakening of state legal orders, and the need of states to co-opt the “outlaws” in order to claw back some degree of control? Or alternatively, do hybrid institutions reflect the need of states to find interfaces between their very different systems of legal ordering when these systems are brought into conflict as a result of the expansion of e-commerce? In this article, I seek to evaluate these different accounts of hybrid institutions with regard to the EU-US Safe Harbor arrangement. I provide a detailed account of the Safe Harbor and its enforcement mechanisms. I show how Safe Harbor more closely reflects an interface solution than a weakening of the law per se. Safe Harbor presents a novel interface between two different legal systems, but relies extensively on the legal systems both of the EU and US, in order to lend it both meaning and back-up.

About the article

Published Online: 2016-05-14

Published in Print: 2002-05-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 25–40, ISSN (Online) 2366-0392, ISSN (Print) 0174-0202, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zfrs-2002-0103.

Export Citation

© 2002 by Lucius & Lucius, Stuttgart.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Bernd Holznagel and Raymund Werle
Knowledge, Technology & Policy, 2004, Volume 17, Number 2, Page 19

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in