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Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie

The German Journal of Economic Geography

Editor-in-Chief: Henn, Sebastian / Thomi, Walter

Managing Editor: Schäfer, Susann

IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2015: 0.607

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.315
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.380
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 0.439

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Intergovernmental fiscal transfers to support local conservation action in Europe

Christoph Schröter-Schlaack1 / Irene Ring1 / Thomas Koellner2 / Rui Santos3 / Paula Antunes3 / Pedro Clemente3 / Raphaël Mathevet4 / Maud Borie5 / Małgorzata Grodzińska-Jurczak6







Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie. Volume 58, Issue 1, Pages 98–114, ISSN (Online) 2365-7693, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zfw.2014.0007, October 2015

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Against the background of ongoing biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, there is a need for more conservation efforts at all governance levels that also take into account the needs of subnational governments, cities and other local authorities. This paper presents a rationale for including ecological indicators in intergovernmental fiscal transfers that redistribute public revenue from national and regional state governments to decentralised governments. Although recommended for introduction in a number of European countries (such as Germany and Poland), to date only Portugal and to some extent France have implemented fiscal transfers for biodiversity conservation in Europe. In this paper we provide, first, a review of existing and proposed schemes across Europe, classifying them in relation to the stages of a policy cycle. Second, we identify critical design features of ecological fiscal transfers (EFT) in order to develop recommendations for improving existing or introducing new EFT schemes.

Keywords: ecological fiscal transfers; policy cycle; biodiversity conservation; Europe; Portugal; France; Germany; Poland

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