Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie
The German Journal of Economic Geography
Editor-in-Chief: Henn, Sebastian / Thomi, Walter / Bathelt, Harald
IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.864
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.955
CiteScore 2018: 0.94
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.565
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.444
Intergovernmental fiscal transfers to support local conservation action in Europe
Against the background of ongoing biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, there is a need for more conservation efforts at all governance levels that also take into account the needs of subnational governments, cities and other local authorities. This paper presents a rationale for including ecological indicators in intergovernmental fiscal transfers that redistribute public revenue from national and regional state governments to decentralised governments. Although recommended for introduction in a number of European countries (such as Germany and Poland), to date only Portugal and to some extent France have implemented fiscal transfers for biodiversity conservation in Europe. In this paper we provide, first, a review of existing and proposed schemes across Europe, classifying them in relation to the stages of a policy cycle. Second, we identify critical design features of ecological fiscal transfers (EFT) in order to develop recommendations for improving existing or introducing new EFT schemes.
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