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Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie

The German Journal of Economic Geography

Editor-in-Chief: Henn, Sebastian / Thomi, Walter

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Volume 60, Issue 1-2

Issues

Mehr Komplexität wagen: ein Plädoyer für eine differenzierte Analyse von Erdöl, Staat und Entwicklung im Globalen Süden

Daring more complexity: towards a differentiated analysis of oil, the state and development in the Global South

Stefan Peters
  • Corresponding author
  • Stefan Peters, Dr. rer. pol., Fachgebiet Internationale und Intergesellschaftliche Beziehungen, Fachbereich 05, Universität Kassel, Nora-Platiel-Str. 1, 34109 Kassel, Germany, e-mail: stefan.peters@uni-kassel.de
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Published Online: 2016-06-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zfw-2016-0005

Zusammenfassung:

Der Nexus von Erdöl, Staat und Entwicklung wird gegenwärtig kontrovers diskutiert. Galt Erdölreichtum lange Zeit als entwicklungspolitischer Fluch und Basis autoritärer Regime, lässt sich seit Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts ein neuer Rohstoffoptimismus beobachten. Der massive Preisverfall relativiert gleichwohl Hoffnungen auf wirtschaftliche und soziale Entwicklungserfolge durch die Erdölförderung. Der Beitrag diskutiert die aktuellen Kontroversen, zeigt zentrale Leerstellen der Debatte auf und analysiert diese anschließend auf Basis einer vergleichenden Analyse der Fallstudien Kuwait, Venezuela und Angola. Dabei wird gezeigt, dass allgemeine Aussagen über die Konsequenzen der Erdölabhängigkeit der Diversität der Fälle nicht gerecht werden. Statt weiter an etablierten Dichotomien festzuhalten, wird abschließend für ein komplexes qualitativ orientiertes Forschungsdesign zur Analyse von Rentengesellschaften plädiert.

Abstract:

The nexus of oil, the state and development is currently an issue of controversy. Whereas oil-dependence was seen for a long time as a development curse and foundation for authoritarian regimes, new resource optimism has surged at the beginning of the 21st century. However, the recent massive price drop relativizes hopes about economic and social development gains through oil. The article discusses the current controversies, highlights central problems of the debate and subsequently offers a comparative analysis of the case studies Kuwait, Venezuela and Angola. It stresses that general affirmations about the consequences of resource-dependence cannot do justice to the diversity of existing cases and contexts. The article closes with a plea for overcoming well-established dichotomies in favor of a more complex qualitative research design to analyze rentier societies.

Schlüsselwörter: : Angola; Entwicklung; Erdöl; Kuwait; Staat; Venezuela.

Keywords: : Angola; development; Kuwait; oil; state; Venezuela.

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Published Online: 2016-06-15

Published in Print: 2016-06-01


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie, Volume 60, Issue 1-2, Pages 9–24, ISSN (Online) 2365-7693, ISSN (Print) 0044-3751, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zfw-2016-0005.

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