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Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials

Editor-in-Chief: Pöttgen, Rainer

Ed. by Antipov, Evgeny / Bismayer, Ulrich / Boldyreva, Elena V. / Huppertz, Hubert / Petrícek, Václav / Tiekink, E. R. T.

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First-principle studies of the lattice dynamics of crystals, and related properties

Xavier Gonze / Gian-Marco Rignanese / Razvan Caracas
Published Online: 2009-09-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zkri.220.5.458.65077


The crystal lattice is never rigid. Due to temperature, external fields or pressure, the nuclei vibrate, the lattice distorts, and instabilities can induce phase transitions. We review the basic concepts of density-functional perturbation theory, a computational method especially suited to determine from first-principles the microscopic parameters governing such behaviour. Then, we present the additional formalism leading to the following properties of minerals: the infra-red and Raman spectra; the prediction of (meta)stability or instability of a crystalline phase, based on the phonon spectrum; the computation of thermodynamics quantities like the free energy, entropy, specific heat; the atomic temperature factors. For each property, examples are given. When appropriate, we mention the computation of related properties, like dielectric tensor and Born effective charges that are needed to get infra-red spectra. Finally, we discuss briefly, on one hand, other applications of the density-functional perturbation theory, and, on the other hand, an alternative technique, the finite-difference computation of dynamical matrices.

About the article

Received: July 19, 2004

Accepted: October 13, 2004

Published Online: 2009-09-25

Published in Print: 2005-05-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials, ISSN (Online) 2196-7105, ISSN (Print) 2194-4946, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zkri.220.5.458.65077. Export Citation

Citing Articles

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