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Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials

Editor-in-Chief: Pöttgen, Rainer

Ed. by Antipov, Evgeny / Boldyreva, Elena V. / Friese, Karen / Huppertz, Hubert / Jahn, Sandro / Tiekink, E. R. T.

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Volume 222, Issue 7


Crystal chemistry of RE(CO3)OH

Takeshi Tahara / Izumi Nakai / Ritsuro Miyawaki / Satoshi Matsubara
Published Online: 2009-09-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zkri.2007.222.7.326

Rare earth carbonate hydroxides, RE(CO3)OH, were hydrothermally synthesized from formic acid and the hydroxide gels of Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Y. An orthorhombic phase with a kozoite-type structure was obtained for RE = Nd and Sm. Another orthorhombic modification of the kozoite-type structure was obtained for RE = Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Y. The latter phase has a lower symmetry (space group: P212121) in comparison to the true kozoite-type structure (Pnma). A new tetragonal phase (space group: P42/nmc) was found for RE = Tm and Yb.

The crystal structures of RE(CO3)OH were refined for Pnma (RE = Nd and Sm), P212121 (RE = Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm and Y), and P42/nmc phases (RE = Tm and Yb) using single-crystal X-ray diffraction intensity data. The distinct features of the differences among the three structures are the coordination numbers of the RE3+ ions: 10, 9, and 8 for the Pnma, P212121, and P42/nmc phases, respectively. A systematic comparison of the two orthorhombic structures revealed a dynamic variation in the coordination environment of the RE3+ ions accompanied by variations in their ionic radii. Although the interatomic RE—O distances tend to decrease with the lanthanide contraction, exceptions were observed for two of the RE—O distances. The mutual close proximity of CO32– anions caused by the lanthanide contraction led to repulsion between the CO32– anions, which decreased the symmetry of the configuration of CO32– anions around the central RE3+ ion, and some oxygen atoms of CO32– moved away from the first coordination shell of the RE3+ ions due to the elongation of the RE-O distances.

The crystal structures of the tetragonal RE(CO3)OH are distinct from those of the orthorhombic phases. They consist of ladders of RE3+ ions 8-coordinated by the CO32– and OH anions arranged in the form of a double cross. The powder XRD patterns of the tetragonal RE(CO3)OH are identical to that of a synthetic material previously reported as Tm6(OH)4(CO3)7.

Keywords: Rare earth carbonate hydroxides; Hydrothermal synthesis; Single crystal structure analysis; X-ray diffraction

About the article

Received: 2006-03-20

Accepted: 2007-01-31

Published Online: 2009-09-25

Published in Print: 2007-07-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Volume 222, Issue 7, Pages 326–334, ISSN (Print) 0044-2968, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zkri.2007.222.7.326.

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