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Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials

Editor-in-Chief: Pöttgen, Rainer

Ed. by Antipov, Evgeny / Bismayer, Ulrich / Boldyreva, Elena V. / Huppertz, Hubert / Petrícek, Václav / Tiekink, E. R. T.

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Superconducting nitride halides MNX (M = Ti, Zr, Hf; X = Cl, Br, I)

Christian M. Schurz
  • 1 Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Anorganische Chemie, Stuttgart, Deutschland
/ Larysa Shlyk
  • 2 Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Anorganische Chemie, Stuttgart, Deutschland
/ Thomas Schleid
  • 3 Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Anorganische Chemie, Stuttgart, Deutschland
/ Rainer Niewa
Published Online: 2011-03-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zkri.2011.1350

Abstract

Two different polymorphs of the metal nitride halides MNX (M = Ti, Zr, Hf; X = Cl, Br, I) are known to crystallize in layered structures. The two crystal structures differ in the way 2{X[M2N2]X} slabs are stacked along the c-axes. Metal atoms and/or organic molecules can be intercalated into the van-der-Waals gap between these layers. After such an electron-doping via intercalation the protoätypic band insulators change into superconductors with moderate high critical temperatures Tc up to 25.5 K. This review gathers information on synthesis routes, structural characteristics and properties of the prototypic nitride halides and the derivatives after electron-doping with a focus on superconductivity.

Keywords: Superconductivity; Nitride; Halide; Zirconium; Intercalation

* Correspondence address: Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Anorganische Chemie, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart, Deutschland,


Published Online: 2011-03-10

Published in Print: 2011-04-01


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie Crystalline Materials. Volume 226, Issue 4, Pages 395–416, ISSN (Print) 0044-2968, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zkri.2011.1350, March 2011

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