Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials
Editor-in-Chief: Pöttgen, Rainer
Ed. by Antipov, Evgeny / Boldyreva, Elena V. / Friese, Karen / Huppertz, Hubert / Jahn, Sandro / Tiekink, E. R. T.
IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.090
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 2.159
CiteScore 2018: 1.47
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.892
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.722
Transient precursor amorphous phases in biomineralization.In the footsteps of Heinz A. Lowenstam
Heinz A. Lowenstam’s discovery in 1967, together with Ken Towe that the magnetite mineral in mature chiton teeth forms from a disordered transient precursor phase, ferrihydrite, remained an isolated curiosity for 30 years. During the last 15 years, many more examples were found in both invertebrates and vertebrates, where the mature crystalline mineral phase is formed through a transient amorphous precursor phase. Here we review this widespread phenomenon, and also describe the details of the transformation process in the formation of the calcitic spicules of the sea urchin larva. We identify many open questions.
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