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Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials

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Volume 228, Issue 3


Crystal and magnetic spin structure of Germanium-Hedenbergite, CaFeGe2O6, and a comparison with other magnetic/magnetoelectric/multiferroic pyroxenes

Günther J. Redhammer / Georg Roth / Anatoliy Senyshyn
  • Technische Universität München, Forschungneuronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM, Garching, Deutschland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gerold Tippelt
  • University of Salzburg, Department of Materials Engineering and Physics, Salzburg, Österreich
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/ Clemens Pietzonka
Published Online: 2013-02-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zkri.2013.1586


CaFeGe2O6, the germanium-analogue to the mineral Hedenbergite, has been synthesized at 1273 K in evacuated SiO2-glass-tubes. Powder neutron diffraction data collected between 4 K and 300 K were used to evaluate the magnetic spin as well as the nuclear crystal structure and its T-evolution. CaFeGe2O6 is monoclinic, C2/c, a = 10.1778(5) Å, b = 9.0545(4) Å, c = 5.4319(3) Å, β = 104.263(3)°, Z = 4 at room temperature. No change of symmetry was observed down to 4 K. Below 43 K, additional magnetic Bragg reflections appear, which can be indexed on the basis of a commensurate magnetic propagation vector k [1, 0, 0]. The successful description of the magnetic spin structure reveals a ferromagnetic spin coupling within the Fe2+O6 M1 chains, while the coupling between the chains is antiferromagnetic. Spins are oriented collinearly within the ac plane and form an angle of ∼60° with the crystallographic a-axis. The magnetic moment at 4 K amounts to about 4.4 μB. The observed magnetic structure is similar to that of other Ca-clinopyroxenes. The present data are put into context with the structural and magnetic properties of other pyroxenes – among them magnetoelectric and multiferroic pyroxene-type compounds.

Keywords: Pyroxenes; Magnetoelectrics; Multiferroics; Magnetic structure; Powder neutron diffraction

About the article

* Correspondence address: University of Salzburg, Department of Materials Engineering and Physics, Hellbrunnerstr. 34/ III, Division of Mineralogy, 5020 Salzburg, Österreich,

Published Online: 2013-02-11

Published in Print: 2013-03-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials, Volume 228, Issue 3, Pages 140–150, ISSN (Print) 2194-4946, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zkri.2013.1586.

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