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Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials

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Volume 230, Issue 5


The importance of T⋯T⋯T angles in the feasibility of zeolites

Xuehua Liu
  • Departamento de Sistemas Informaticos y Computacion. Universitat Politècnica de València. Avenida Los Naranjos s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain)
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Soledad Valero
  • Departamento de Sistemas Informaticos y Computacion. Universitat Politècnica de València. Avenida Los Naranjos s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain)
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Estefania Argente
  • Departamento de Sistemas Informaticos y Computacion. Universitat Politècnica de València. Avenida Los Naranjos s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain)
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Vicente Botti
  • Departamento de Sistemas Informaticos y Computacion. Universitat Politècnica de València. Avenida Los Naranjos s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain)
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ German Sastre
  • Corresponding author
  • Instituto de Tecnologia Quimica U.P.V.-C.S.I.C. Universitat Politècnica de València, Avenida Los Naranjos s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain)
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Published Online: 2015-01-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zkri-2014-1801


The database of prospective zeolites (www.hypotheticalzeolites.net) has been screened in search of feasible zeolites. Previous criteria of zeolite feasibility have been reviewed, based on descriptors such as energy, density, average and distribution of ring sizes, and more importantly that of Li et al. (LID criteria) presented recently [Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2013, 52, 1673], based on Si–O, OO, and SiSi distances of SLC-minimised structures. In spite of the still large number of feasible zeolites according to this and other criteria, a number of researchers wonder why there are so many feasible and so few synthesised zeolites. Without answering this difficult question, a new criteria is proposed in this study based on the fact that TTT angles (T is tetrahedral atom) show specific ranges of values depending on the ring size to which they belong. Based on improved definitions to count and enumerate rings in zeolites, and with data from the IZA database, we introduce the TTT criteria, which we propose to use after the LID criteria, to further narrow the space of feasible zeolites.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: hypothetical zeolites; topology; zeolite feasibility


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About the article

Corresponding author: German Sastre, Instituto de Tecnologia Quimica U.P.V.-C.S.I.C. Universitat Politècnica de València, Avenida Los Naranjos s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain), E-mail:

Received: 2014-09-05

Accepted: 2014-12-04

Published Online: 2015-01-21

Published in Print: 2015-05-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials, Volume 230, Issue 5, Pages 291–299, ISSN (Online) 2196-7105, ISSN (Print) 2194-4946, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zkri-2014-1801.

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