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Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials

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Ed. by Antipov, Evgeny / Boldyreva, Elena V. / Friese, Karen / Huppertz, Hubert / Jahn, Sandro / Tiekink, E. R. T.

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Volume 234, Issue 5


Photocatalytic and antibacterial activities study of prepared self-cleaning nanostructure surfaces using synthesized and coated ZnO nanoparticles with Curcumin nanodispersion

Zahra Sayyar / Hoda Jafarizadeh Malmiri
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran, Tel.: +98-41-33459099, Fax: +98-41-33444355, E-mail:
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Published Online: 2018-12-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zkri-2018-2096


Zinc oxide nanoparticles had been synthesized and encapsulated using Curcumin nanoemulsions, Zn(Cur)O NPs, under subcritical water conditions. The effects of temperature (120, 140 and 160 °C) and pH values of the reaction solution (4, 7 and 10) on the particle size, grain size, cristallinity, specific surface area, band gap, Urbach energy, morphology, photocatalytic activity and antibacterial properties of the prepared Zn(Cur)O NPs were evaluated using XRD, FT-IR, SEM, EDX and UV-Vis spectroscopy analysis. The obtained results indicate that the prepared spherical and rod shapes Zn(Cur)O NPs had a crystallite size distribution of 10–100 nm. Furthermore, the results reveal that most uniform Zn(Cur)O NPs with highest photocatalytic activity, quantum yield (0.161 mol·m−2 s−1), specific surface area (242 m2/g), minimum band gap (2.62 eV) and Urbach energy (0.125 meV) were formed at 160 °C and natural pH. The highest antibacterial activities against both Gram positive and negative bacteria strains, were achieved using the synthesized Zn(Cur)O at 160 °C and basic pH(10).

Keywords: Curcumin nanodispersions; kinetic study; photocatalytic activity; self-cleaning surfaces; ZnO nanoparticles


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About the article

Received: 2018-05-19

Accepted: 2018-12-02

Published Online: 2018-12-27

Published in Print: 2019-05-27

Funding Source: Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council

Award identifier / Grant number: 139069

The completion of this research could not have been possible without the participation and assistance of the financial support of Sahand University of Technology (grant no. 30.17676). Also the authors are deeply grateful for the financial support made by Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council (grant no. 139069).

Conflict of interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials, Volume 234, Issue 5, Pages 307–328, ISSN (Online) 2196-7105, ISSN (Print) 2194-4946, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zkri-2018-2096.

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