There are two kinds of water in CuSO4·5H2O differing by their binding in the crystal. The oxygen of four water molecules is bonded to the copper ion, that of the fifth molecule is hydrogen bonded. It is shown that the D/H ratios of these two kinds of water differ by 5.7%, the light isotope being enriched in the water molecules coordinated with the copper ion. The results show that there is no exchange of the hydrogen isotopes during the time needed for dehydration at room temperature which takes several days. The assumption has been confirmed that the water coordinated with the copper ion leaves the crystal first on dehydration at temperatures below 50 °C. Additional measurements of the separation factor for the hydrogen isotopes between water vapor and copper sulfate solutions allow conclusions on the fractionation of the hydrogen isotopes between bulk water and hydration water in aqueous solutions.