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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung A

A Journal of Physical Sciences

Editor-in-Chief: Holthaus, Martin

Editorial Board: Fetecau, Corina / Kiefer, Claus

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.432

CiteScore 2017: 1.30

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.403
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.632

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Volume 24, Issue 10


Systematische Untersuchungen der dynamischen Protonenpolarisation in organischen Kristallen mit eingebauten Radikalzentren

K. Grude / W. Müller-Warmuth
Published Online: 2014-06-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zna-1969-1011


In order to produce high proton polarizations, several organic hydrocarbons have been doped with stable free radical molecules. Through the "solid state effect" a part of the electronic polarization in a magnetic field has been transferred to the protons of these materials. For this purpose, the "forbidden electronic transitions" of the combined electron-proton system have been saturated at about 37 GHz. The enhancement factor of the dynamic proton polarization was measured by pulsed NMR at 56 MHz. In phenanthrene with about 4 w.% bis-diphenylen-phenylallyl (BPA) a maximum polarization of 10.5% has been obtained at 1.5 °K and 13 200 gauss. This value may be increased by extending the temperature and magnetic field range. Systematic investigations in numerous organic systems have been carried out and have particularly yielded data on the frequency dependence and on the saturation behaviour of the enhancement curves. - Spin temperature theories of dynamic polarization have been considered to explain the results and to find possibilities for improving the polarization. In particular, the exchange interaction of the radicals and the distinction between relaxing and polarizing paramagnetic centres had to be taken into account.

About the article

Received: 1969-07-10

Published Online: 2014-06-02

Published in Print: 1969-10-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung A, Volume 24, Issue 10, Pages 1532–1541, ISSN (Online) 1865-7109, ISSN (Print) 0932-0784, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zna-1969-1011.

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© 1946 – 2014: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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