X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) are obtained for Mg in MgO using high quality (purity 99.999%) Mg films prepared and oxidized under pressures of 10-6 ~ 10-8 torr and measured on an ESCA-36 spectrometer at a pressure of 10-8 torr. AlKα line source was used for excitation, and the minimum of Au valence band at 5.0 eV was chosen for calibration.
With increased oxidation the valence band shifts about 1.0 eV towards the Fermi level, but with extreme contamination it disappears completely. Accurate measurements of binding energies have been made of Mg in pure Mg, and Mg in MgO. The average shift resulting from oxidation is 1.1 eV for Mg(2s) and 1.5 eV for Mg(2p) core levels. It is also observed that the contamination effect due to oxygen decreases with increasing film thickness. The present results are compared with the previous results, and a new interpretation is offered by postulating the formation of two kinds of oxides, stoichiometric and chemisorbed layers in Mg on oxidation