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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung A

A Journal of Physical Sciences

Editor-in-Chief: Holthaus, Martin

Editorial Board: Fetecau, Corina / Kiefer, Claus

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.432

CiteScore 2017: 1.30

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.403
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.632

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Volume 55, Issue 11-12


Thermodynamic Functions at Isobaric Process of van der Waals Gases

Akira Matsumoto
  • Department of Material Sciences, College of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka, 599-8531, Japan
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Published Online: 2014-06-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zna-2000-11-1202


The thermodynamic functions for the van der Waals equation are investigated at isobaric process. The Gibbs free energy is expressed as the sum of the Helmholtz free energy and PV, and the volume in this case is described as the implicit function of the cubic equation for V in the van der Waals equation. Furthermore, the Gibbs free energy is given as a function of the reduced temperature, pressure and volume, introducing a reduced equation of state. Volume, enthalpy, entropy, heat capacity, thermal expansivity, and isothermal compressibility are given as functions of the reduced temperature, pressure and volume, respectively. Some thermodynamic quantities are calculated numerically and drawn graphically. The heat capacity, thermal expansivity, and isothermal compressibility diverge to infinity at the critical point. This suggests that a second-order phase transition may occur at the critical point.

: Van der Waals Gases; Isobaric Process; Second-order Phase Transition

About the article

Received: 2000-06-29

Published Online: 2014-06-02

Published in Print: 2000-12-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung A, Volume 55, Issue 11-12, Pages 851–855, ISSN (Online) 1865-7109, ISSN (Print) 0932-0784, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/zna-2000-11-1202.

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© 1946 – 2014: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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