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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung A

A Journal of Physical Sciences

Editor-in-Chief: Holthaus, Martin

Editorial Board: Fetecau, Corina / Kiefer, Claus

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.414

CiteScore 2018: 1.15

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.370
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.431

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Volume 67, Issue 10-11


Oxidation of Hafnium and Diffusion of Hafnium Atoms in Hexagonal Close-Packed Hafnium; Microscopic Investigations by Perturbed Angular Correlations

Chandi C. Dey
Published Online: 2014-06-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.5560/zna.2012-0077

Time-differential perturbed angular correlation (TDPAC) studies in hafnium metal (~5%Zr) have been carried out at different temperatures. It is found that hafnium metal on heating at 873 K continuously for two days in air, transforms partially and abruptly to HfO2 while no component of oxide has been observed for heating up to 773 K and during initial heating at 873 K for 1 day. This result is strikingly different to that expected from the Arrhenius theory. Also, a strong nuclear relaxation effect has been observed at 873 K due to rapid fluctuation of hafnium atoms in hexagonal closepacked (hcp) hafnium. At this temperature, ~ 5% probe nuclei experience static perturbation due to monoclinic HfO2, ~ 50% experience fluctuating interaction, and ~ 5% produce static defect configuration of hcp hafnium. With lowering of temperature, defect configurations of hafnium increase at the cost of fluctuating interaction. An almost total fluctuating interaction observed in hcp hafnium at a temperature much lower than its melting point is another interesting phenomenon.

Keywords: Hf Metal; Transformation to HfO2; Diffusion of Hf; TDPAC(T)

About the article

Received: 2012-05-22

Accepted: 2012-07-12

Published Online: 2014-06-02

Published in Print: 2012-11-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung A, Volume 67, Issue 10-11, Pages 633–640, ISSN (Online) 1865-7109, ISSN (Print) 0932-0784, DOI: https://doi.org/10.5560/zna.2012-0077.

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© 1946 – 2014: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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