A series of 2-cinnamoyl-1,3-indandiones (2a-e) were obtained by condensing 1 with aldehydes. Treatment of 2 a with hydrazine or hydroxylamine hydrochloride gave 2-(5-phenyl-2-pyrazolinyl or -isoxazolinyl)-1,3-indandione (3 and 5) respectively, and when treated with thiourea gave 2-(6-phenyl-2-thioxo-4-pyrimidinyl)-1,3-indandione (6).
The formation of 2-(β-piperidino-, -morpholino- and -arylmercaptohydrocinnamoyl)- 1,3-indandiones (7a-b and 8a-b) from 2 a was investigated. Compound 7b when treated with hydrazine gave 9. The 2-(α, β-dimorpholinohydrocinnamoyl) derivative (11) was obtained by the action of morpholine on the dibromo derivative (10). The Michael condensation of 2a with ethyl acetoacetate or acetyl acetone was investigated. Treatment of 1 with benzaldehyde in (3:1) molar ratio gave 14, which reacted with diethyl oxalate to give 15. Cyclization of 15 with polyphosphoric acid lead to the formation of 16.