Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B

A Journal of Chemical Sciences


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.961

CiteScore 2018: 0.91

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.263
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.505

Online
ISSN
1865-7117
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 71, Issue 1

Issues

Gas electron diffraction of increased performance through optimization of nozzle, system design and digital control

Christian G. Reuter
  • Chair of Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Center for Molecular Materials CM2, Bielefeld University, Universitätsstraße 25, D-33615 Bielefeld, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Yury V. Vishnevskiy
  • Chair of Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Center for Molecular Materials CM2, Bielefeld University, Universitätsstraße 25, D-33615 Bielefeld, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Sebastian Blomeyer
  • Chair of Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Center for Molecular Materials CM2, Bielefeld University, Universitätsstraße 25, D-33615 Bielefeld, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Norbert W. Mitzel
  • Corresponding author
  • Chair of Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Center for Molecular Materials CM2, Bielefeld University, Universitätsstraße 25, D-33615 Bielefeld, Germany
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-01-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znb-2015-0186

Abstract

A number of measures to increase the quality of data recorded with an improved Balzers Eldigraph KD-G2 gas-phase electron diffractometer are discussed. The beam-stop has been decoupled from the sector enabling us recording the current of the primary beam and scattered electrons during the experiment. Different beam-stops were tested for use in the present setup. Modifications of the nozzle tip of an earlier described medium temperature nozzle are reported. The measures lead to reduced exposure times and reduced amount of sample necessary for complete data collection.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: beam-stop; diffractometer; gas electron diffraction; low temperature; molecular structure; nozzle

References

  • [1]

    C. Davisson, L. H. Germer, Nature 1927, 119, 558.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2]

    H. Mark, R. Wierl, Z. Elektrochem. Angew. Phys. Chem. 1930, 36, 675.Google Scholar

  • [3]

    Active laboratories for electron diffraction are at the following universities: Bielefeld (Germany), Corvallis (Oregon, US), Ivanovo (Russia), Moscow State, Moscow (Russia), York (UK), Christchurch (New Zealand), Sapporo/Tokio (Japan).Google Scholar

  • [4]

    W. Zeil, J. Haase, L. Wegmann, Z. Instr. 1966, 74, 84.Google Scholar

  • [5]

    R. J. F. Berger, N. W. Mitzel, M. Hoffmann, S. A. Hayes, Z. Naturforsch.2009, 64b, 1259.Google Scholar

  • [6]

    C. Elliott, V. Vijayakumar, W. Zink, R. Hansen, J. Lab. Autom. 2007, 12, 17.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [7]

    A. Canneva, M. F. Erben, R. M. Romano, Y. V. Vishnevskiy, C. G. Reuter, N. W. Mitzel, C. O. Della Védova, Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21, 10436.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8]

    B. Waerder, S. Steinhauer, J. Bader, C. G. Reuter, B. Neumann, H.-G. Stammler, Y. V. Vishnevskiy, B. Hoge, N. W. Mitzel, Dalton Trans. 2015, 44, 13347.Google Scholar

  • [9]

    B. Waerder, S. Steinhauer, C. G. Reuter, J. Bader, B. Neumann, H.-G. Stammler, Y. V. Vishnevskiy, B. Hoge, N. W. Mitzel, Dalton Trans. 2015, 44, 14540.Google Scholar

  • [10]

    E. Hedberg, L. Hedberg, K. Hedberg, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1974, 96, 4417.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [11]

    R. J. Mawhorter, M. Fink, B. T. Archer, J. Chem. Phys. 1983, 79, 170.Google Scholar

  • [12]

    H. Oberhammer in Molecular Structure by Diffraction Methods, Molecular Structure by Diffraction Methods (Eds.: G. A. Sim, L. E. Sutton), Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, 1976, p. 24.Google Scholar

  • [13]

    I. Hargittai, Stereochemical applications of gas phase electron diffraction, VCH, Weinheim, 1988.Google Scholar

  • [14]

    Y. V. Vishnevskiy, MSU Beamstop; to be found under http://molwiki.org/wiki/File:MSU_EG-100_Beamstop.png (accessed 06.2015).

  • [15]

    G. V. Girichev, A. N. Utkin, IvanovoGED:Equipment; to be found under http://molwiki.org/wiki/IvanovoGED:Equipment (accessed 06.2015).

  • [16]

    C. B. Lucas, Atomic and Molecular Beams. Production and collimation, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2014.Google Scholar

  • [17]

    G. V. Girichev, S. A. Shlykov, S. B. Lapshina, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. 1990, 64, 899.Google Scholar

  • [18]

    Y. Morino, Y. Nakamura, T. Iijima, J. Chem. Phys. 1960, 32, 643.Google Scholar

  • [19]

    J. Haase, W. Zeil, Z. Phys. Chem. 1965, 45, 202.Google Scholar

  • [20]

    S. Shibata, K. Iijima, R. Tani, I. Nakamura, Reports of Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University, Shizuoka, Vol. 9, 1974, p. 33.Google Scholar

  • [21]

    V. M. Petrov, A. N. Utkin, G. V. Girichev, A. A. Ivanov, J. Struct. Chem. 1985, 26, 189.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22]

    N. Vogt, R. Rudert, A. N. Rykov, N. M. Karasev, I. F. Shishkov, J. Vogt, Struct. Chem. 2011, 22, 287.Google Scholar

  • [23]

    T. Iijima, W. Suzuki, Y. F. Yano, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 1998, 37, 5064.Google Scholar

  • [24]

    Y. I. Tarasov, I. V. Kochikov, A. A. Ivanov, D. M. Kovtun, G. A. Zhurko, J. Struct. Chem. 2008, 49, 414.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [25]

    V. P. Novikov, J. Mol. Struct. 1979, 55, 215.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [26]

    W. Steckelmacher, Rep. Prog. Phys. 1986, 49, 1083.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [27]

    C. G. de Kruif, J. G. Blok, J. Chem. Thermodyn. 1982, 14, 201.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [28]

    K. Aarset, E. M. Page, D. A. Rice, J. Phys. Chem. A 2006, 110, 9014.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [29]

    I. V. Kochikov, Y. I. Tarasov, A. A. Ivanov, J. Struct. Chem. 2007, 48, 558.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Corresponding author: Norbert W. Mitzel, Chair of Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Center for Molecular Materials CM2, Bielefeld University, Universitätsstraße 25, D-33615 Bielefeld, Germany, Fax: +49 (0)521 106 6026, E-mail:


Received: 2015-11-13

Accepted: 2015-11-20

Published Online: 2016-01-07

Published in Print: 2016-01-01


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B, Volume 71, Issue 1, Pages 1–13, ISSN (Online) 1865-7117, ISSN (Print) 0932-0776, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znb-2015-0186.

Export Citation

©2016 by De Gruyter.Get Permission

Supplementary Article Materials

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Yury V. Vishnevskiy, Sebastian Blomeyer, and Christian G. Reuter
Structural Chemistry, 2019
[2]
Jan Schwabedissen, Pia C. Trapp, Hans‐Georg Stammler, Beate Neumann, Jan‐Hendrik Lamm, Yury V. Vishnevskiy, Leif A. Körte, and Norbert W. Mitzel
Chemistry – A European Journal, 2019, Volume 25, Number 30, Page 7339
[3]
Tomáš Baše, Josef Holub, Jindřich Fanfrlík, Drahomír Hnyk, Paul D. Lane, Derek A. Wann, Yury V. Vishnevskiy, Denis Tikhonov, Christian G. Reuter, and Norbert W. Mitzel
Chemistry - A European Journal, 2019, Volume 25, Number 9, Page 2313
[4]
Jan Schwabedissen, Dingqing Li, Christian G. Reuter, Hans-Georg Stammler, Norbert W. Mitzel, Eduard Bernhardt, and Xiaoqing Zeng
Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, 2018, Volume 644, Number 22, Page 1415
[5]
Rosana M. Romano, Angélica Moreno Betancourt, Carlos O. Della Védova, Xiaoqing Zeng, Helmut Beckers, Helge Willner, Jan Schwabedissen, and Norbert W. Mitzel
Inorganic Chemistry, 2018
[6]
Jonas Schaab, Miriam Schwab, Daniel Kratzert, Jan Schwabedissen, Hans-Georg Stammler, Norbert W. Mitzel, and Ingo Krossing
Chemical Communications, 2018
[7]
Angélica Moreno Betancourt, Jan Schwabedissen, Rosana M. Romano, Carlos O. Della Védova, Helmut Beckers, Helge Willner, Hans-Georg Stammler, and Norbert W. Mitzel
Chemistry - A European Journal, 2018
[8]
Conor D. Rankine, João Pedro F. Nunes, Tomas W. B. Lock Feixas, Stuart Young, and Derek A. Wann
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2018
[9]
Andrey A. Fokin, Tatyana S. Zhuk, Sebastian Blomeyer, Cristóbal Pérez, Lesya V. Chernish, Alexander E. Pashenko, Jens Antony, Yury V. Vishnevskiy, Raphael J. F. Berger, Stefan Grimme, Christian Logemann, Melanie Schnell, Norbert W. Mitzel, and Peter R. Schreiner
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2017
[10]
Leif A. Körte, Jan Schwabedissen, Marcel Soffner, Sebastian Blomeyer, Christian G. Reuter, Yury V. Vishnevskiy, Beate Neumann, Hans-Georg Stammler, and Norbert W. Mitzel
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2017, Volume 56, Number 29, Page 8578
[11]
Leif A. Körte, Jan Schwabedissen, Marcel Soffner, Sebastian Blomeyer, Christian G. Reuter, Yury V. Vishnevskiy, Beate Neumann, Hans-Georg Stammler, and Norbert W. Mitzel
Angewandte Chemie, 2017, Volume 129, Number 29, Page 8701
[12]
Dingqing Li, Jan Schwabedissen, Hans-Georg Stammler, Norbert W. Mitzel, Helge Willner, and Xiaoqing Zeng
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, Volume 18, Number 37, Page 26245
[13]
Thomas M. Klapötke, Burkhard Krumm, Sebastian Rest, Regina Scharf, Jan Schwabedissen, Hans-Georg Stammler, and Norbert W. Mitzel
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2016, Volume 120, Number 26, Page 4534
[14]
Yanina Berrueta Martínez, Lucas S. Rodríguez Pirani, Mauricio F. Erben, Roland Boese, Christian G. Reuter, Yury V. Vishnevskiy, Norbert W. Mitzel, and Carlos O. Della Védova
ChemPhysChem, 2016, Volume 17, Number 10, Page 1463
[15]
Yanina Berrueta Martínez, Lucas S. Rodríguez Pirani, Mauricio F. Erben, Roland Boese, Christian G. Reuter, Yury V. Vishnevskiy, Norbert W. Mitzel, and Carlos O. Della Védova
Journal of Molecular Structure, 2017, Volume 1132, Page 175
[16]
Denis S. Tikhonov, Dmitry I. Sharapa, Jan Schwabedissen, and Vladimir V. Rybkin
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, Volume 18, Number 40, Page 28325

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in