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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B

A Journal of Chemical Sciences

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.961

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Volume 71, Issue 11


Purpureone, an antileishmanial ergochrome from the endophytic fungus Purpureocillium lilacinum

Bruno Ndjakou Lenta
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Chemistry, Higher Teacher Training College, University of Yaoundé 1, P.O. Box 47, Yaoundé, Cameroon
  • Chemistry Department, Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry, Bielefeld University, P.O. Box 100131, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
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/ Jules Ngatchou / Marcel Frese
  • Chemistry Department, Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry, Bielefeld University, P.O. Box 100131, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
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/ Flora Ladoh-Yemeda / Steve Voundi / Flore Nardella
  • Laboratoire d’Innovation Thérapeutique, UMR7200 CNRS/Université de Strasbourg, Labex Médalis, Faculté de Pharmacie, 67412 Illkirch, France
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/ Carmela Michalek
  • Chemistry Department, Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry, Bielefeld University, P.O. Box 100131, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
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/ Daniel Wibberg / Silvère Ngouela / Etienne Tsamo / Marcel Kaiser
  • Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland
  • University of Basel, CH-4003 Basel, Switzerland
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/ Jörn Kalinowski / Norbert Sewald
  • Chemistry Department, Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry, Bielefeld University, P.O. Box 100131, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
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Published Online: 2016-09-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znb-2016-0128


The ethyl acetate extracts prepared from the mycelia of three endophytic fungi Purpureocillium lilacinum, Aspergillus sp., and Fusarium sp., isolated from the roots of Rauvolfia macrophylla (Apocynaceae) were screened for their antiprotozoal activity in vitro against Plasmodium falciparum (NF54), Leishmania donovani, Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, and Trypanosoma cruzi. Amongst these extracts, the one from P. lilacinum showed potent antileishmanial activity against L. donovani (IC50 value of 0.174 μg mL−1) with good selectivity (SI=94.9) toward the L6 cell line, whereas the other extracts were inactive and not selective. The fractionation and purification of the active extract from P. lilacinum by column chromatography over silica gel yielded a new ergochromone derivative (1), together with six known compounds: (22E,24R)-stigmasta-5,7,22-trien-3-β-ol (2), (22E,24R)-stigmasta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one (3), emodin (4), chrysophanol (5), aloe-emodin (6), and palmitic acid, whose structures were elucidated spectroscopically. Compound 1 was tested in vitro for its antiparasitic activities against the above listed parasites and for its antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Providencia stuartii, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The compound displayed potent antileishmanial activity against L. donovani with an IC50 value of 0.63 μg mL−1 (0.87 μm) with good selectivity (SI=49.5) toward the L6 cell line. It also exhibited good antibacterial activity against three of the tested microbial strains B. cereus, E. coli ATCC879, and P. stuartii ATCC29916 with minimum inhibitory concentrations below 62.6 μg mL−1. Compound 1 is thus a promising active compound that could be investigated for antileishmanial and antimicrobial drug development.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: antimicrobial activity; antiparasitic activitiy; endophytic fungus; Purpureocillium lilacinum; purpureone


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About the article

Received: 2016-05-22

Accepted: 2016-07-13

Published Online: 2016-09-27

Published in Print: 2016-11-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B, Volume 71, Issue 11, Pages 1159–1167, ISSN (Online) 1865-7117, ISSN (Print) 0932-0776, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znb-2016-0128.

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