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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B

A Journal of Chemical Sciences


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.961

CiteScore 2018: 0.91

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.263
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.505

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1865-7117
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Volume 74, Issue 10

Issues

Chitosan-attached nano-Fe3O4 as a superior and retrievable heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of benzopyranophenazines using chitosan-attached nano-Fe3O4

Javad Safaei-Ghomi
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Kashan, Kashan 51167, IR Iran, Phone: +98 31 55912385, Fax: +98 31 55552935
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  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Maryam Tavazo
  • Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Kashan, Kashan 51167, IR Iran
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/ Hossein Shahbazi-Alavi
  • Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Kashan, Kashan 51167, IR Iran
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Published Online: 2019-09-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znb-2019-0091

Abstract

A simple and rapid method for the preparation of benzopyranophenazines is presented, involving a one-pot four-component reaction of hydroxynaphthoquinone, o-phenylenediamine, benzaldehydes, and malononitrile with nano-Fe3O4@chitosan as an efficient heterogeneous solid acid catalyst under reflux conditions in ethanol. The catalyst is characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), magnetic susceptibility measurements, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Atom economy, high catalytic activity, a wide range of products, excellent yields in short reaction times, and low catalyst loading are some of the important features of this method.

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Keywords: catalytic activity; chitosan; nano-Fe3O4; one-pot reaction; pyranophenazines

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About the article

Received: 2019-05-06

Accepted: 2019-08-12

Published Online: 2019-09-07

Published in Print: 2019-10-25


Funding Source: University of Kashan

Award identifier / Grant number: 159196/XXI

The authors are grateful to the University of Kashan for supporting this work (Grant NO: 159196/XXI).


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B, Volume 74, Issue 10, Pages 733–738, ISSN (Online) 1865-7117, ISSN (Print) 0932-0776, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znb-2019-0091.

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