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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B

A Journal of Chemical Sciences

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Volume 73, Issue 8

Issues

The lanthanide hydride oxides SmHO and HoHO

Nicolas Zapp
  • Institut für Anorganische Chemie, University Leipzig, Johannisallee 29, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Holger Kohlmann
  • Corresponding author
  • Institut für Anorganische Chemie, University Leipzig, Johannisallee 29, 04103 Leipzig, Germany, Fax: +49 341 9736199
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Published Online: 2018-07-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znb-2018-0112

Abstract

Metal hydride oxides are an interesting class of compounds with potential for hydride ion conduction and as host materials for luminescence. SmHO and HoHO were prepared from mixtures of the sesquioxides Ln2O3 and the hydrides LnH2+x at 1173 K as gray powders (Ln=Sm, Ho). They crystallize in a fluorite type crystal structure with disordered anion distribution (Fmm; SmHO: a=5.46953(6) Å, V=163.625(5) Å3; HoHO: a=5.27782(3) Å, V=147.016(2) Å3, based on powder X-ray diffraction) and show stability towards air. Lanthanide-oxygen and -hydrogen distances are 2.36838(3) Å in SmHO and 2.28536(1) Å in HoHO and comparable to those in binary lanthanide oxides and hydrides. Elemental analyses confirm the composition LnHO. Quantum-mechanical calculations show a negative enthalpy for the reaction RE2O3+REH3→3 REHO for all lanthanides and Y, with increasing values for decreasing ionic radii.

Keywords: ab initio calculations; hydride oxides; metal hydrides; metal oxides; rare earths

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About the article

Received: 2018-06-20

Accepted: 2018-06-21

Published Online: 2018-07-03

Published in Print: 2018-08-28


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B, Volume 73, Issue 8, Pages 535–538, ISSN (Online) 1865-7117, ISSN (Print) 0932-0776, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znb-2018-0112.

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