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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B

A Journal of Chemical Sciences

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An unprecedented structural phase transition in struvite-type compounds: dimorphism of KMgAsO4(H2O)6

Matthias Weil
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  • Institute for Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Division of Structural Chemistry, TU Wien, Getreidemarkt 9/164-SC, A-1060 Vienna, Austria, Fax: +4315880117199
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Published Online: 2018-08-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znb-2018-0119

Abstract

The crystal structure of struvite-type KMgAsO4(H2O)6 has been redetermined from single crystal X-ray diffraction data at room temperature. The previous structure model based on powder X-ray diffraction data was confirmed with higher precision and accuracy and with all hydrogen atoms located. KMgAsO4(H2O)6 undergoes a reversible phase transition of the continuous type at 263(2) K, changing the symmetry from orthorhombic to monoclinic. The corresponding Pnm21P1121 symmetry reduction is of a translationengleiche type with index 2 and was monitored by temperature-dependent powder X-ray diffraction measurements. Such a phase transition is unprecedented for struvite-type compounds. The crystal structure of the monoclinic polymorph was determined from a two-domain crystal at 100 K. Except for the motion of one of the water molecules towards stronger hydrogen-bonding interactions, structural changes between the two polymorphs are small.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords: group-subgroup relations; phase transition; struvite; X-ray diffraction

Dedicated to: Professor Wolfgang Bensch on the occasion of his 65th birthday.

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About the article

Received: 2018-06-11

Accepted: 2018-08-09

Published Online: 2018-08-27


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B, 20180119, ISSN (Online) 1865-7117, ISSN (Print) 0932-0776, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znb-2018-0119.

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