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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B

A Journal of Chemical Sciences

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Hydrothermal synthesis and structure determination of a new calcium iron ruthenium hydrogarnet

Hagen Poddig
  • Technische Universität Dresden, Faculty of Chemistry and Food Chemistry, Bergstraße 66, Dresden 01069, Germany
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/ Jens Hunger
  • Technische Universität Dresden, Faculty of Chemistry and Food Chemistry, Bergstraße 66, Dresden 01069, Germany
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/ Sirko Kamusella
  • Technische Universität Dresden, Faculty of Physics, Zellescher Weg 16, Dresden 01069, Germany
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/ Hans-Henning Klauss
  • Technische Universität Dresden, Faculty of Physics, Zellescher Weg 16, Dresden 01069, Germany
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/ Thomas Doert
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  • Technische Universität Dresden, Faculty of Chemistry and Food Chemistry, Bergstraße 66, Dresden 01069, Germany
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Published Online: 2018-09-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znb-2018-0120

Abstract

A new calcium iron ruthenium hydrogarnet with the approximate composition Ca3(Ru2−xFex)(FeO4)2−y(H4O4)1+y (x=1, y≈0.35) has been obtained by hydrothermal synthesis under oxidizing alkaline conditions. The compound crystallizes in the cubic space group Iad (No. 230) with a lattice parameter of a=12.4804(4) Å (T=100 K) and Z=8. The octahedral site of the garnet structure is equally occupied by Ru and Fe, whereas the tetrahedral site is partially occupied by Fe only. A partial substitution of the oxide anions by hydroxide ions is necessary for charge balancing, corresponding to the so-called hydrogarnet defects. The presence of hydroxide groups is proven by infrared spectroscopy. 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopic data provide evidence for two different Fe3+ coordination environments as well as a magnetic ordering of two iron substructures with the respective ordering temperature above room temperature. The crystal composition was verified by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and the thermal behavior of the calcium iron ruthenate was studied by difference thermal analysis.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: crystal structure; hydrogarnet; hydrothermal synthesis; iron; Mössbauer spectroscopy; ruthenium

Dedicated to: Professor Bernt Krebs on the occasion of his 80th birthday.

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About the article

Received: 2018-06-11

Accepted: 2018-08-29

Published Online: 2018-09-22


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B, 20180120, ISSN (Online) 1865-7117, ISSN (Print) 0932-0776, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znb-2018-0120.

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