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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C

A Journal of Biosciences

Editor-in-Chief: Seibel, Jürgen

Editorial Board: Aigner , Achim / Boland, Wilhelm / Bornscheuer, Uwe / Hoffmann, Klaus

12 Issues per year


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Online
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1865-7125
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Volume 39, Issue 11-12

Issues

Constituents of Agaricus xanthodermus Genevier: The First Naturally Endogenous Azo Compound and Toxic Phenolic Metabolites

Melvyn Gill
  • Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia, 3052
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Richard J. Strauch
  • Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia, 3052
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-06-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znc-1984-11-1203

Abstract

Extraction of fresh sporophores of the fungus Agaricus xanthodermus yields 4,4′-dihydroxy-azobenzene, phenol, p-quinol, and 4,4′-dihydroxybiphenyl. This is the first report of an azo compound arising endogenously in nature, while phenol, p-quinol and 4,4′-dihydroxybiphenyl have not previously been isolated from higher fungi. Phenol is present in fruitbodies in sufficiently high concentration to account for the toxicity of A. xanthodermus.

Keywords: Agaricus xanthodermus; Agaricaceae; Metabolites; Azo Compound; Phenols

About the article

Received: 1984-09-24

Published Online: 2014-06-02

Published in Print: 1984-12-01


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C, Volume 39, Issue 11-12, Pages 1027–1029, ISSN (Online) 1865-7125, ISSN (Print) 0939-5075, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znc-1984-11-1203.

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© 1946 – 2014: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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