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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C

A Journal of Biosciences

Editor-in-Chief: Seibel, Jürgen

Editorial Board: Aigner , Achim / Boland, Wilhelm / Bornscheuer, Uwe / Hoffmann, Klaus

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CiteScore 2017: 0.92

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.288
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.448

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Volume 39, Issue 6


Chemical Defense of Leguminosae. Are Quinolizidine Alkaloids Part of the Antimicrobial Defense System of Lupins?

M. Wink
  • Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie der Technischen Universität Braunschweig, D-3300 Braunschweig, Bundesrepublik Deutschland
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Published Online: 2014-06-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znc-1984-0607

Growth of 6 bacteria (Serratia marcescens, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus viridis, Micrococcus luteus, and Mycobacterium phlei) was inhibited by 50% if the growth medium contained sparteine at concentrations between 0.5-10mᴍ. Total growth inhibition, which was bacteriostatic in nature, was achieved at 20 mᴍ. The growth of 6 phytopathogenic fungi was also affected: at a sparteine concentration of 15 mᴍ the growth of Alternaria porri was reduced by 40% as compared to the untreated control. Respective values were 18% inhibition for Piricularia oryzae, 33% for Helminthosporium carbonum, 15% for Rhizoctonia solani, 5% for Fusarium oxysporum, and 42% for Asperquillus oryzae. Since the concentrations of quinolizidine alkaloids range from 1-200 mᴍ (roots, leaves, or stems) or 10-200 mmol/kg (seeds) in Leguminosae, it is discussed whether quinolizidine alkaloids are involved in the antimicrobial defense of lupins, in addition to their potential role as allelopathic or herbivore repellent defense compounds.

: Quinolizidine Alkaloids; Growth Inhibition; Bacteria; Fungi; Antimicrobial Defense

About the article

Received: 1984-01-23

Published Online: 2014-06-02

Published in Print: 1984-06-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C, Volume 39, Issue 6, Pages 548–552, ISSN (Online) 1865-7125, ISSN (Print) 0939-5075, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znc-1984-0607.

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© 1946 – 2014: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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