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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C

A Journal of Biosciences

Editor-in-Chief: Seibel, Jürgen

Editorial Board: Aigner , Achim / Boland, Wilhelm / Bornscheuer, Uwe / Hoffmann, Klaus

12 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.835

CiteScore 2016: 0.72

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.222
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.413

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Volume 55, Issue 1-2


Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of European Propolis

Ahmed G. Hegazi / Faten K. Abd El Hady / Fayrouz A. M. Abd Allah
Published Online: 2014-06-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znc-2000-1-214


Three propolis samples from Austria, Germany and France were investigated by GC/MS, where eleven compounds were being new for propolis. The samples showed some similarities in their qualitative composition. Phenylethyl-trans-caffeate, benzyl ferulate and galangin were predominant in German propolis. Benzyl caffeate was predominant in French sample. Pinocembrin was predominant in French and Austrian propolis and trans-p-coumaric acid was predominant in all samples.

The antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus; Escherichia coli, and Candida albicans was evaluated. German propolis showed the highest antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. While Austrian propolis has the highest activity against Candida albicans. French propolis was effective against all pathogens but less than German and Austrian propolis.

Abstract: Propolis; GC/MS; Polyphenols; Antimicrobial Activity

About the article

Received: 1999-09-17

Revised: 1999-11-10

Published Online: 2014-06-02

Published in Print: 2000-02-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C, Volume 55, Issue 1-2, Pages 70–75, ISSN (Online) 1865-7125, ISSN (Print) 0939-5075, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znc-2000-1-214.

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© 1946 – 2014: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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