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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C

A Journal of Biosciences

Editor-in-Chief: Seibel, Jürgen

Editorial Board: Aigner , Achim / Boland, Wilhelm / Bornscheuer, Uwe / Hoffmann, Klaus


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1865-7125
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Volume 59, Issue 1-2

Issues

Betacyanins and Phenolic Compounds from Amaranthus spinosus L. and Boerhavia erecta L.

Florian C. Stintzing
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Food Technology, Section Plant Foodstuff Technology, Hohenheim University, Garbenstrasse 25, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
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/ Dietmar Kammerer
  • Institute of Food Technology, Section Plant Foodstuff Technology, Hohenheim University, Garbenstrasse 25, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
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/ Andreas Schieber
  • Institute of Food Technology, Section Plant Foodstuff Technology, Hohenheim University, Garbenstrasse 25, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
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/ Hilou Adama
  • Laboratoire de Biochimie & Chimie Appliquées (LABIOCA), Université de Ouaga, 09BP990 Ouaga 09, Burkina Faso
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/ Odile G. Nacoulma
  • Laboratoire de Biochimie & Chimie Appliquées (LABIOCA), Université de Ouaga, 09BP990 Ouaga 09, Burkina Faso
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/ Reinhold Carle
  • Institute of Food Technology, Section Plant Foodstuff Technology, Hohenheim University, Garbenstrasse 25, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
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Published Online: 2014-06-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znc-2004-1-201

Stem bark extracts of Boerhavia erecta L. (erect spiderling) and Amaranthus spinosus L. (spiny amaranth), two wild growing weed plants used in traditional African medicine, were characterized with respect to their phenolic profile including the betalains. While the main betalains in A. spinosus were identified as amaranthine and isoamaranthine, the major betacyanins in B. erecta were betanin, isobetanin together with neobetanin. The latter showed higher betalain concentrations amounting to 186 mg/100 g, while the former contained 24 mg betacyanins in 100 g of the ground plant material. Extracts of A. spinosus were found to contain hydroxycinnamates, quercetin and kaempferol glycosides, whereas catechins, procyanidins and quercetin, kaempferol and isorhamnetin glycosides were detected in B. erecta. The amounts of these compounds ranged from 305 mg/100 g for A. spinosus to 329 mg/100 g for B. erecta.

Keywords: Amaranthus spinosus; Boerhavia erecta; Phenolics

About the article

Received: 2003-09-12

Revised: 2003-10-16

Published Online: 2014-06-02

Published in Print: 2004-02-01


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C, Volume 59, Issue 1-2, Pages 1–8, ISSN (Online) 1865-7125, ISSN (Print) 0939-5075, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znc-2004-1-201.

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© 1946 – 2014: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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