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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C

A Journal of Biosciences

Editor-in-Chief: Seibel, Jürgen

Editorial Board: Aigner , Achim / Boland, Wilhelm / Bornscheuer, Uwe / Hoffmann, Klaus

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.000

CiteScore 2018: 0.99

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.246
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.437

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Volume 59, Issue 5-6


Essential Oil of Daucus glaber Forssk

El-Sayed S. Mansour / Galal T. Maatooq / Ashraf T. Khalil / El-Sayed M. Marwan / Amal A. Sallam
Published Online: 2014-06-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znc-2004-5-615

The composition of the essential oil of the fruits, leaves and stems of Daucus glaber Forssk has been studied by GC/MS. It was found that, the essential oil of the fruits consists of monoterpene hydrocarbons (limonene and sylvestrene are the majors) and phenylpropanoids (elemicin is the major). Sylvestrene has never been reported before in the essential oil of any Daucus species. The study of the essential oil of the leaves revealed the presence of monoterpene hydrocarbons; limonene and γ-terpinene are the majors and a small amount of sylvestrene. The essential oil of stems consists of monoterpene hydrocarbons (γ-terpinene is the major), terpene alcohols (mainly 4-terpineol) and phenylpropanoids (myristicin and elemicin are the majors). It is interesting that, the essential oil of the fruits is free from any oxygenated terpenes while that of the stems is free from limonene and sylvestrene which are present in the essential oil of the fruits and leaves in fairly large amounts. The essential oil of the fruits, leaves and stems shows broad antimicrobial activities against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria. In addition, the volatile oil of the stem, particularly, show activi­ties against Candida albicans (yeast). Also, the prepared oils have variable cytotoxic activities with LC50 21.52, 36.01 and 42.34 μrg/ml. respectively.

Keywords: Daucus glaber; Essential Oil; GC/MS

About the article

Received: 2003-02-24

Revised: 2003-04-25

Published Online: 2014-06-02

Published in Print: 2004-06-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C, Volume 59, Issue 5-6, Pages 373–378, ISSN (Online) 1865-7125, ISSN (Print) 0939-5075, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/znc-2004-5-615.

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© 1946 – 2014: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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