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Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie

International journal of research in physical chemistry and chemical physics

Editor-in-Chief: Rademann, Klaus


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.144
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.144

CiteScore 2017: 1.08

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.495
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.495

Online
ISSN
2196-7156
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Volume 219, Issue 5

Issues

Combination of Laser- and Mass-Spectroscopic Techniques for the Investigation of Fuel-Rich Flames

Katharina Kohse-Höinghaus / Alexander Schocker / Tina Kasper / Michael Kamphus / Andreas Brockhinke
Published Online: 2009-09-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.219.5.583.64326

Abstract

Soot is one of the most important pollutants originating from combustion. Despite recent advances in the measurement of size and composition of soot particles, their actual formation mechanism is still under debate. It depends on fuel, stoichiometry, temperature, flow conditions and the concentration of a large number of intermediate species. An adequate characterization of this complex reaction system generally requires the use of several complementary techniques.

In this article, we present measurements aiming to study reactions in fuel-rich flames using several complementary techniques. Only with a combination of optical and mass-spectrometric measurements, important features of the early polyaromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and soot formation chemistry are accessible in detail. Three different techniques are combined to investigate one-dimensional laboratory flames on the same low-pressure burner and their respective merits are discussed: (i) cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) for the detection of small radicals and measurement of the temperature, (ii) mass spectrometry with electron-impact (EI) ionization in order to measure species with molecular weights up to m/e = 90, and (iii) mass spectrometry with resonantly-enhanced multi-photon ionization (REMPI) to distinguish isomers with masses up to m/e = 178. Measurements of this type may prove a valuable input to improve kinetic and combustion models.

About the article

Received: 2004-12-17

Accepted: 2004-12-22

Published Online: 2009-09-25

Published in Print: 2005-05-01


Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Volume 219, Issue 5, Pages 583–599, ISSN (Online) 2196-7156, ISSN (Print) 0942-9352, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.219.5.583.64326.

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