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Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie

International journal of research in physical chemistry and chemical physics

Editor-in-Chief: Rademann, Klaus

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.975
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.021

CiteScore 2018: 1.20

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.327
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.391

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Volume 220, Issue 10


Phase Separation in Solutions of Room Temperature Ionic Liquids in Hydrocarbons

D. Saracsan / C. Rybarsch / W. Schröer
Published Online: 2009-09-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.2006.220.10.1417

The room temperature ionic liquids (RTIL) trihexyl-tetradecyl phosphonium chloride (P666 14Cl) and the bromide (P666 14Br) are soluble in hydrocarbons. The investigated solutions in heptane, octane, nonane and decane show liquid–liquid phase separation with an upper critical solution point at ambient temperatures at molar fractions near 0.03 of the salt. Phase diagrams are reported and analysed presuming Ising criticality. The critical temperatures and the critical densities increase with the chain length of the hydrocarbons, where the figures corresponding to the bromides are above that of the chlorides. Scaled by the critical data the phase diagrams show corresponding state behaviour. In accordance with the prediction of the restricted primitive model (RPM), which is a model fluid of equal sized, charged hard spheres in a dielectric continuum, the critical points are located at low temperature and low concentration, when the corresponding state variables of this model are used. However, the critical temperature Tc* and the critical density ρc* are well below the figures of the RPM prediction. Comparison is made with the phase diagrams of alcohol solutions of imidazolium ionic liquids and with simulation results of the RPM.

: Ionic Liquids; Corresponding State; Phase Diagrams; Critical Phenomena

About the article

Received: 2006-07-05

Accepted: 2006-08-15

Published Online: 2009-09-25

Published in Print: 2006-10-01

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Volume 220, Issue 10, Pages 1417–1437, ISSN (Online) 2196-7156, ISSN (Print) 0942-9352, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.2006.220.10.1417.

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